John White1

M, #27781, b. 1510, d. between 1 February 1578 and 1579
FatherMark White1 b. c 1472, d. bt 27 Mar 1529 - 1530
ReferenceEDV12
Last Edited27 Dec 2002
     John White was born in 1510 at Timsbury, co. Hampshire, England.1 He married Mildred Weston in 1549.1
John White died between 1 February 1578 and 1579 at co. Timsbury, England.1
     ; Please contact luseaann@@excite.com with any corrections/additions.1 EDV-12.

Family

Mildred Weston b. 1528, d. bt 8 Jan 1566 - 1567
Child

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.

John Bawle1

M, #27782, b. 1526, d. between 8 January 1566 and 1567
ReferenceEDV12
Last Edited24 Jan 2003
     John Bawle was born in 1526 at Litchfield, Staffordshire, England.1
John Bawle died between 8 January 1566 and 1567.1
     EDV-12.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.

Thomas Gardner1

M, #27783, b. 1565, d. 1635
FatherGeorge Gardiner2 b. 1537, d. c Jun 1589
MotherDorothy Constable2 b. 1542, d. 1589
ReferenceEDV10
Last Edited2 Oct 2017
     Thomas Gardner was born in 1565 at Dorchester, Dorsetshire, England.1 He was born in 1565 at Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England.3 He married Elizabeth White, daughter of John White and Isabel Elizabeth Bawle, in 1610 at Oxfordshire, England.1,4 Thomas Gardner married an unknown person circa 1614 at England.1
Thomas Gardner died in 1635 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.5,3
     ; Please contact luseaann@@excite.com with any corrections/additions.1 EDV-10.
; NB: I have been unable to verify the parents of this Thomas Gardner and have come to the conclusion that the lineages that are available that link him to various English GARDNER/GARDINER families are without convincing proof. My previous link of Thomas to parents Thomas and Elizabeth (White) Gardner was based on Gardner Memorial (Gardner [1933], which mentions the marriage of Elizabeth White to "a man by the name of Thoamns Gardner." This Thomas named "my sonne Thomas" as his executor in his will. However, Gardner [1933] never makes the firm assertion that this son, Thomas, was the Thomas who immigrated to Cape Ann Plantation in 1624.
     I have therefore severed the link I had previously of Thomas to Thomas and Elizabeth (White) Gardner. I cite Anderson [1993:II:735]: "An origin in the West County for Thomas Gardner is certain, but the name is common and none of the suggestions made to date has a firm foundation." GA Vaut.6,7,8

Family 1

Elizabeth White b. 1564, d. 29 Mar 1648

Family 2

Child
  • Ruth Gardner b. 1635, d. 1707; The Lewis database lists Ruth as a daughter of Thomas Gardner, but the NEHGS Great Migration does not list her.9,10

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.
  2. [S1217] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:1590432, Sue Cary (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.
  3. [S1217] e-mail address, updated 25 Aug 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1590432&id=I18001
  4. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, Place of Marriage: http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46948
  5. [S979] e-mail address, updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46948
  6. [S2888] Robert Charles Anderson The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, 3 Volumes (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995), Vol II, p. 735. Hereinafter cited as Anderson [1995] Great Migration Begins 1620-1633.
  7. [S1549] "Author's comment", various, Gregory A. Vaut (e-mail address), to unknown recipient (unknown recipient address), 8 Dec 2020; unknown repository, unknown repository address. Hereinafter cited as "GA Vaut Comment."
  8. [S2813] M. D. Frank Augustine Gardner, Gardner Memorial: A Biographical and Genealogical Record of the Descendants of Thomas Gardner, Planter through his Son Lieut. George Gardner (Salem, MA: Privately Printed, 1933). Hereinafter cited as Gardner [1933] Gardner Memorial.
  9. [S1106] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=presidentialetc, Linda Russell Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 10 Feb 2000.
  10. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER. Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.

Elizabeth White1

F, #27784, b. 1564, d. 29 March 1648
FatherJohn White1 b. 1550, d. 30 Sep 1618
MotherIsabel Elizabeth Bawle1 b. 1552, d. 30 Sep 1601
ReferenceEDV10
Last Edited27 Dec 2002
     Elizabeth White was born in 1564 at Stanton St. John, Oxfordshire, England.1 She married Thomas Gardner, son of George Gardiner and Dorothy Constable, in 1610 at Oxfordshire, England.1,2
Elizabeth White died on 29 March 1648 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1,3
     ; Please contact luseaann@@excite.com with any corrections/additions.1 EDV-10.
; NB: I have been unable to verify the parents of this Thomas Gardner and have come to the conclusion that the lineages that are available that link him to various English GARDNER/GARDINER families are without convincing proof. My previous link of Thomas to parents Thomas and Elizabeth (White) Gardner was based on Gardner Memorial (Gardner [1933], which mentions the marriage of Elizabeth White to "a man by the name of Thoamns Gardner." This Thomas named "my sonne Thomas" as his executor in his will. However, Gardner [1933] never makes the firm assertion that this son, Thomas, was the Thomas who immigrated to Cape Ann Plantation in 1624.
     I have therefore severed the link I had previously of Thomas to Thomas and Elizabeth (White) Gardner. I cite Anderson [1993:II:735]: "An origin in the West County for Thomas Gardner is certain, but the name is common and none of the suggestions made to date has a firm foundation." GA Vaut.4,5,6

Family

Thomas Gardner b. 1565, d. 1635

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.
  2. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, Place of Marriage: http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46948
  3. [S1217] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:1590432, Sue Cary (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1590432&id=I18001
  4. [S2888] Robert Charles Anderson The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, 3 Volumes (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995), Vol II, p. 735. Hereinafter cited as Anderson [1995] Great Migration Begins 1620-1633.
  5. [S1549] "Author's comment", various, Gregory A. Vaut (e-mail address), to unknown recipient (unknown recipient address), 8 Dec 2020; unknown repository, unknown repository address. Hereinafter cited as "GA Vaut Comment."
  6. [S2813] M. D. Frank Augustine Gardner, Gardner Memorial: A Biographical and Genealogical Record of the Descendants of Thomas Gardner, Planter through his Son Lieut. George Gardner (Salem, MA: Privately Printed, 1933). Hereinafter cited as Gardner [1933] Gardner Memorial.

Margaret Douglas1

F, #27785, d. 1640
FatherDavid Douglas 7th Earl of Angus1 b. c 1515, d. Jun 1557
MotherMargaret Hamilton1
Last Edited5 Dec 2002
     Margaret Douglas married Francis Stewart Earl of Bothwell, son of John Stuart Lord Darnley, Prior of Coldingham and Lady Jane Hepburn Mistress of Bothwell.2 Margaret Douglas married Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuh circa June 1568; contract 19 June 1567/8.3
Margaret Douglas died in 1640.1
     ; Margaret; m 1st (contract 19 June 1567/8) Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuch (see BUCCLEUCH and QUEENSBERRY, D); m 2nd Francis Stewart, Earl of Bothwell (see MORAY, E), and d 1640, leaving issue.1

Citations

  1. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Hamilton & Brandon Family Page. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site.
  2. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Hamilton & Brandon Family Page (see MORAY, E).
  3. [S1396] Burke's Peerage & Gentry Web Site, online http://www.burkes-peerage.net/sites/peerageandgentry/sitepages/home.asp, Hamilton & Brandon Family Page (see BUCCLEUCH and QUEENSBERRY, D).

John White1

M, #27786, b. 1550, d. 30 September 1618
FatherJohn White1 b. 1510, d. bt 1 Feb 1578 - 1579
MotherMildred Weston1 b. 1528, d. bt 8 Jan 1566 - 1567
ReferenceEDV11
Last Edited27 Dec 2002
     John White married Elizabeth Bawle.1 John White married Barbara Marvin.1 John White was born in 1550 at Stanton, St. John, Oxfordshire, England.1 He married Isabel Elizabeth Bawle, daughter of John Bawle, in 1570 at Stanton, St. John, Oxfordshire, England.1
John White died on 30 September 1618 at Stanton St. John, Oxfordshire, England.1
     ; Please contact luseaann@@excite.com with any corrections/additions.1 EDV-11.

Family 1

Barbara Marvin b. 1548
Child

Family 2

Isabel Elizabeth Bawle b. 1552, d. 30 Sep 1601
Child

Family 3

Elizabeth Bawle b. 1552, d. 1601
Child

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.

Isabel Elizabeth Bawle1,2

F, #27787, b. 1552, d. 30 September 1601
FatherJohn Bawle1 b. 1526, d. bt 8 Jan 1566 - 1567
ReferenceEDV11
Last Edited27 Dec 2002
     Isabel Elizabeth Bawle was born in 1552 at Litchfield, co. Hampshire, England.1 She married John White, son of John White and Mildred Weston, in 1570 at Stanton, St. John, Oxfordshire, England.1
Isabel Elizabeth Bawle died on 30 September 1601 at Stanton, Oxfordshire, England.1,2
     ; Please contact luseaann@@excite.com with any corrections/additions.1 EDV-11.

Family

John White b. 1550, d. 30 Sep 1618
Child

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.
  2. [S1217] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:1590432, Sue Cary (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1590432&id=I18004

Mary White1

F, #27788, b. circa 1571, d. 1637
FatherJohn White1 b. 1550, d. 30 Sep 1618
MotherElizabeth Bawle1 b. 1552, d. 1601
Last Edited6 Oct 2001
     Mary White married an unknown person.1 She was born circa 1571.1
Mary White died in 1637.1
     ; Please contact luseaann@@excite.com with any corrections/additions.1

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.

Elizabeth Bawle1

F, #27789, b. 1552, d. 1601
Last Edited6 Oct 2001
     Elizabeth Bawle married John White, son of John White and Mildred Weston.1 Elizabeth Bawle was born in 1552.1
Elizabeth Bawle died in 1601.1
     ; Please contact luseaann@@excite.com with any corrections/additions.1

Family

John White b. 1550, d. 30 Sep 1618
Child

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.

Barbara Marvin1

F, #27790, b. 1548
Last Edited6 Oct 2001
     Barbara Marvin married John White, son of John White and Mildred Weston.1
Barbara Marvin died; Y.1 She was born in 1548 at Ramsey, co. Essex, England.1
     ; Please contact luseaann@@excite.com with any corrections/additions.1

Family

John White b. 1550, d. 30 Sep 1618
Child

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.

John Wade1

M, #27791
FatherJohn White1 b. 1550, d. 30 Sep 1618
MotherBarbara Marvin1 b. 1548
Last Edited6 Oct 2001
     ; Please contact luseaann@@excite.com with any corrections/additions.1

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.

Margaret Frier1

F, #27792, b. 1594
FatherThomas Frier2 b. 1567, d. 9 Sep 1685
MotherElizabeth Merritt2 b. c 1572, d. 9 Sep 1685
Last Edited8 Dec 2020
     Margaret Frier died at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1 She was born in 1594 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.3 She was born circa 1623 at Nantucket Co., Massachusetts, USA.1 She married Capt. Thomas Gardner before 1639 at Nantucket Co., Massachusetts, USA;
His 2nd wife. NEHGS Great Migration Web gives second marriage as "(prob.) By 1639 Margaret _____, who joined the church at Salem 24 March 1639/40 [SChR 8]. (See TAG 30:156 for discussion of claims she was Margaret Friar." Torrey record says m. by 1634. Anderson [1995:II:733] says m. by 1639. Per Anderson: "(2) (prob.) By 1639 Margaret ___, who joined the church at Salem 24 March 1639/40 [SChR 8].     (See TAG 30:156 for discussion of claims she was Margaret Friar.)"

Images attached.

Ancestry.com - U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700 (Record #1)
Name:     Thomas Gardener
[Thomas (see note) Gardener]
Gender:     Male
Birth Year:     1592
Marriage Date:     1620
Marriage Place:     New England, USA
Death Year:     1674
Spouse:     Margaret Gardener
Source Citation: Genealogical Publishing Co; Baltimore, MD, USA; Volume Title: New England Marriages Prior to 1700
Source Information: Ancestry.com. U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2012.
Original data: Torry, Clarence A. New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004.


Ancestry.com - U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700 (Record #2)
Name:     Thomas Gardner
Gender:     Male
Birth Year:     About 1592
Marriage Date:     About 1634
Death Year:     1674
Spouse:     Margaret Gardner
Source Citation: Genealogical Publishing Co; Baltimore, MD, USA; Volume Title: Third Supplement to Torrey's New England Marriages Prior to 1700
Source Information: Ancestry.com. U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2012.
Original data: Torry, Clarence A. New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004.4,5,6,7

Margaret Frier died on 28 September 1674 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.3
     ; Please contact luseaann@@excite.com with any corrections/additions.1 Margaret Frier was also known as Margaret Fryer.3 Margaret Frier was also known as Margaret Friar.3

Family

Capt. Thomas Gardner b. 4 Mar 1590/91, d. 29 Dec 1674

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.
  2. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I47024
  3. [S979] e-mail address, updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46937
  4. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER. Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.
  5. [S2354] Ancestry.Com Web Site, online http://search.ancestry.com/, Redcord #2: U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700
    Info: https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?viewrecord=1&r=an&db=NewEnglandMarriages&indiv=try&h=177883
    Image: https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/3824/images/flhg_supptorreysnewengmarr2-0125?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&queryId=721ab9a3ea5a283c67065dc0a00fe08b&usePUB=true&_phsrc=QkD2211&_phstart=successSource&usePUBJs=true&pId=177883. Hereinafter cited as Ancestry.Com Web Site.
  6. [S2354] Ancestry.Com Web Site, online http://search.ancestry.com/, Record #1: U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700
    Info: https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?viewrecord=1&r=an&db=NewEnglandMarriages&indiv=try&h=50218
    Image: https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/3824/images/gpc_newenglandmarriages-0310?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&queryId=721ab9a3ea5a283c67065dc0a00fe08b&usePUB=true&_phsrc=QkD2212&_phstart=successSource&usePUBJs=true&pId=50218
  7. [S2888] Robert Charles Anderson The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, 3 Volumes (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995), Vol II, p. 733. Hereinafter cited as Anderson [1995] Great Migration Begins 1620-1633.

Capt. Thomas Gardner1

M, #27793, b. 4 March 1590/91, d. 29 December 1674
ChartsAncestors - Ellen Downing VALENTINE
ReferenceEDV9
Last Edited9 Dec 2020
     Capt. Thomas Gardner was born on 4 March 1590/91 at Dorchester, Dorsetshire, England.2 He was born in 1592 at Dorchester, Dorsetshire, England.1 He married unknown (?) circa 1614;
His 1st wife.
Per Anderson [1995:II:733]: "(1) By about 1614      ; she probably died in Salem in 1636, perhaps at the birth of youngest child Seeth."
Images attached.

Ancestry.com - U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700
Name:     Thomas Gardner
Gender:     Male
Birth Year:     About 1592
Marriage Date:     About 1614
Death Year:     1674
Spouse:     Gardner
Source Citation: Genealogical Publishing Co; Baltimore, MD, USA; Volume Title: Third Supplement to Torrey's New England Marriages Prior to 1700
Source Information: Ancestry.com. U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2012.
Original data: Torry, Clarence A. New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004.3,4,5
Capt. Thomas Gardner married Margaret Frier, daughter of Thomas Frier and Elizabeth Merritt, before 1639 at Nantucket Co., Massachusetts, USA;
His 2nd wife. NEHGS Great Migration Web gives second marriage as "(prob.) By 1639 Margaret _____, who joined the church at Salem 24 March 1639/40 [SChR 8]. (See TAG 30:156 for discussion of claims she was Margaret Friar." Torrey record says m. by 1634. Anderson [1995:II:733] says m. by 1639. Per Anderson: "(2) (prob.) By 1639 Margaret ___, who joined the church at Salem 24 March 1639/40 [SChR 8].     (See TAG 30:156 for discussion of claims she was Margaret Friar.)"

Images attached.

Ancestry.com - U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700 (Record #1)
Name:     Thomas Gardener
[Thomas (see note) Gardener]
Gender:     Male
Birth Year:     1592
Marriage Date:     1620
Marriage Place:     New England, USA
Death Year:     1674
Spouse:     Margaret Gardener
Source Citation: Genealogical Publishing Co; Baltimore, MD, USA; Volume Title: New England Marriages Prior to 1700
Source Information: Ancestry.com. U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2012.
Original data: Torry, Clarence A. New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004.


Ancestry.com - U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700 (Record #2)
Name:     Thomas Gardner
Gender:     Male
Birth Year:     About 1592
Marriage Date:     About 1634
Death Year:     1674
Spouse:     Margaret Gardner
Source Citation: Genealogical Publishing Co; Baltimore, MD, USA; Volume Title: Third Supplement to Torrey's New England Marriages Prior to 1700
Source Information: Ancestry.com. U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2012.
Original data: Torry, Clarence A. New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004.6,7,8,5
Capt. Thomas Gardner married Damaris (?);
His 3rd wife; her 2nd husband.
Per Anderson [1995:II:733]: "(3) Damaris ( ) Shattuck. She was the "widow Shattock" when she joined the Salem Church 2 July 1641 [SChR 11]; she died Salem 28 November 1674, one month before her husband. (See TAG 30:165-68 for discussion of this woman and her many connections to the Pope and Gardner families.)"
Images attached.

Ancestry.com - U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700
Name:     Damaris Gardner [Damaris (see note for error) Shattuck]
Maiden Name:     Shattuck
Gender:     Female
Marriage Date:     1668
Marriage Place:     New England, USA
Spouse:     Thomas Gardner
Source Citation: Genealogical Publishing Co; Baltimore, MD, USA; Volume Title: New England Marriages Prior to 1700
Source Information: Ancestry.com. U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2012.
Original data: Torry, Clarence A. New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004.


Ancestry.com - U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700
Name:     Thomas Gardner
[Thomas (see the problem with date) Gardner]
Gender:     Male
Birth Year:     About 1592
Marriage Date:     1668
Marriage Place:     New England, USA
Death Year:     1674
Spouse:     Damaris Gardner
Source Citation: Genealogical Publishing Co; Baltimore, MD, USA; Volume Title: New England Marriages Prior to 1700
Source Information: Ancestry.com. U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2012.
Original data: Torry, Clarence A. New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004.

Note: (attached to Ancestry record: "Added a variation of the recorded data).
     "We have to CLICK ON AND READ what the image says -- doesn't say married in 1668. The computer program only allowed a 4-digit numeral, not the text "before" or "after". Plus the transcribers of the Mass Vitals couldn't read the Quaker calendar so many re off by 2 months. See http://boards.ancestry.com/surnames.shattuck/456/mb.ashx ..... We do not know when they were married except by 1668. PLEASE NOTE IT has " (doubtful)" after (-1659) as the death date for Margaret Fryer. Submitted by: Shirley Edmonds on 4/23/2020."9,10,11
Capt. Thomas Gardner was buried in 1674 at Gardner Cemetery, Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.12


Capt. Thomas Gardner died on 29 December 1674 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA, at age 83.12,13,10

His estate was probated on 29 March 1675.14

     ; Thomas came to America in 1624, living first in Cape Ann and moving to Salem in 1626. He was an innkeeper and was repeatedly licensed during the 1660s to retail strong drink, but in June 1667 the license was amended to allow him to sell only to "strangers" and not to townsmen. He signed his name to several petitions and inventories, and was on the list of Salem church members compiled in late 1636. Thomas was a Freeman 17 May 1637. He served as Deputy for Salem to the General Court, 26 September 1637, Essex grand jury, 25 February 1641, 27 January 1643/4, July 1644, he was a Salem selectman, 1635, 1637, 1642-6, 1650, 1655-6, Salem constable, 1639, and overseer or surveyor for Salem highways 1637/8, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1649, 1655-8. In the 1636 Salem grants Thomas Gardner had one hundred acres in the freeman's land and he was granted one acre of marsh on 25 December 1637, with a household of seven. It is believed that Thomas had 3 wives. The will of "Thomas Gardner of Salem" was written 7 December 1668 and proved 29 March 1675.

Banks states without authority that Gardner might have come from Hurst, Martock parish, Somersetshire [Topo Dict 143], and other origins have been claimed. An origin in the West County for Thomas Gardner is certain, but the name is common and none of the suggestions made to date has a firm foundation. George McCracken suggested that the unusual given name of the Gardner's last child, Seeth, was an indication that in previous generations there had been a marriage to someone with that surname [TAG 30:157].

Source: Ancestry.com "The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-33."2 EDV-9.

; NB: I have been unable to verify the parents of this Thomas Gardner and have come to the conclusion that the lineages that are available that link him to various English GARDNER/GARDINER families are without convincing proof. My previous link of Thomas to parents Thomas and Elizabeth (White) Gardner was based on Gardner Memorial (Gardner [1933], which mentions the marriage of Elizabeth White to "a man by the name of Thoamns Gardner." This Thomas named "my sonne Thomas" as his executor in his will. However, Gardner [1933] never makes the firm assertion that this son, Thomas, was the Thomas who immigrated to Cape Ann Plantation in 1624.
     I have therefore severed the link I had previously of Thomas to Thomas and Elizabeth (White) Gardner. I cite Anderson [1993:II:735]: "An origin in the West County for Thomas Gardner is certain, but the name is common and none of the suggestions made to date has a firm foundation." GA Vaut.15,16,17

Reference: Images Attached
Record #1: Ancestry.com - Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775
Name:     Thomas Gardner
Birth Date:     1592
Birth Place:     Sherborne, Dorset Co., England
Marriage Place:     England
Death Date:     4 Sep 1677
Death Place:     Salem, Mass
Spouse:     Margaret Frayre
Page Number:     293
Source Information: Ancestry.com. Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2016. This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors.
Original data: Mackenzie, George Norbury, and Nelson Osgood Rhoades, editors. Colonial Families of the United States of America: in Which is Given the History, Genealogy and Armorial Bearings of Colonial Families Who Settled in the American Colonies From the Time of the Settlement of Jamestown, 13th May, 1607, to the Battle of Lexington, 19th April, 1775. 7 volumes. 1912. Reprinted, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1966, 1995.


Record #2: Ancestry.com - North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000
Name:     Thomas Gardner
Gender:     Male
First Marriage Place:     Sherburne, Dorset, England
Death Date:     1677
Spouse:     Margaret Frier
          Damaris
Child:     Richard Gardner
     John Gardner
Source Citation: Book Title: No title page, just an index of names
Source Information: Ancestry.com. North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2016.18,19,20,21,22
He was Balch [1897] Overseer of first Cape Ann Plantation.
Biddle [1893] first Governor of Cape Ann Colony.23,13

; THOMAS GARDNER (THOMAS) was born 1591 in Dorsetshire, England, and died October 29, 1674 in Gardner buring ground, Salem MA (Source: Thomas Gardner Planter and Some of His Descendants, compiled and arranged by Frank A Gardner, MD, 1731, Essex Institute, Salem, Mass., this source mentions the death date as given in the Town Records). He married (1) DEMARIS SHATTUCK. He married (2) MARGARET FRIER, daughter of FRANCIS FRIER. Thomas Gardner 1591-1674 Governor of Cape Ann Colony 1623 Deputy 1637, Daggett & Skiffe & Butler History of Martha's Vineyard Vol.3

Thomas Gardner and John Tilley were the chief rulers of the Cape Ann Colony during the time which preceded the appointment of Roger Conant as Governor.

Source: Thomas Gardner Planter and Some of His Descendants, compiled and arranged by Frank A Gardner, MD, 1731, Essex Institute, Salem, Mass

Thomas Gardner married twice. We know this from the fact that in his will he mentions his wife as the mother-widow of his sons. The Margaret Gardner, who united with the first Church in 1639, is supposed to have been his wife. Various writers, including Rev. Joseph B. It,have stated that her maiden name was Fryer (or Frier), but the writer has thus far failed to find the authority for this statement.

Rev. Charles Henry Pope, in his "Pioneers of Massachusetts" suggests that the Margaret who united with the Salem Church in 1639, may have been the wife of Edmund Gardner of Ipswich.

While Edmund's wife may have been named Margaret, it seems improbable that she was the one above mentioned as uniting with the Salem church, for the following reasons: Edmund is mentioned in the Ipswich Town Records as early as 1635, and very frequently thereafter. The Ipswich church was organized in 1634 and the wife of a man so prominent in local affairs would, in all probability, have united with the "home church."

His second wife was Damaris Shattuck, a widow, who was admitted to the church in Salem in 1641. She had several children by her first husband, one of whom, Sarah, married Richard Gardner son of Thomas. She, like most of her Shattuck relations, evidently favored the Friends, as she was called into court many times for being "present at a Quaker meeting," and for absence from her own church. In the 9th Mo. 1667,and the 4th Mo. In the year following, "Old Mrs. Gardner was fined 5 shillings for absence from public worship. She had no children by Thomas Gardner. The date of her death is given in the Salem Town Records, as 28, 9, 1674.24

Capt. Thomas Gardner and unknown (?) immigrated in 1624 to Cape Ann Plantation, Nantucket Co., Massachusetts, USA; the Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III

Robert Charles Anderson
Great Migration Study Project
New England Historic Genealogical Society


THOMAS GARDNER

ORIGIN: Unknown
MIGRATION: 1624
FIRST RESIDENCE: Cape Ann
REMOVES: Salem 1626
OCCUPATION: Innkeeper (Thomas Gardner, Sr., was repeatedly licensed during the 1660s to retail strong drink, but in June 1667 the license was amended to allow him to sell only to "strangers" and not to townsmen [EQC 3:339, 431, 4:36, 37, 161, 269, 397]).
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: In list of Salem church members compiled in late 1636 [SChR 5].
FREEMAN: 17 May 1637 [MBCR 1:373].
EDUCATION: Signed his name to several petitions and inventories.
OFFICES: Deputy for Salem to the General Court, 26 September 1637 [MBCR 1:204]. Essex grand jury, 25 February 1641, 27 January 1643/4, July 1644 [STR 1:120; EQC 1:33, 57, 62]. Petit jury, failed to appear and fined 29 June 1641 [EQC 1:26]; appeared 27 January 1642/3, 28 January 1646, 28 January 1647/8, 26 January 1648/9, 26 June 1649, 24 June 1651 (foreman), 29 June 1652, 28 June 1653, 6 March 1653/4, 13 June 1655, 27 November 1655, 30 June 1657, 29 June 1658 [STR 1:104, 146, 184, 186, 202, 216; EQC 1:44, 129, 153, 169, 229, 254, 283, 326, 408, 2:42, 71]. Jury, 27 August 1636, 27 June 1637 (foreman), 27 September 1639, 29 January 1640[/1] [EQC 1:3, 6, 12, 24]. Coroner's jury on Ralph Elwood, August 1644 [EQC 1:71].
Salem selectman, 1635, 1637, 1642-6, 1650, 1655-6 [STR 1:13, 50, 113, 121, 128, 136, 143, 164, 182, 190]. Salem constable, 1639 [STR 1:88]. Salem fenceviewer, 1636 [STR 1:41]. Overseer or surveyor for Salem highways 1637/8, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1649, 1655-8 [ STR 1:67, 90, 117, 124, 158, 189, 191, 214]. Salem rater, 1639/40 [STR 1:97].
ESTATE: In the 1636 Salem grants Thomas Gardner had one hundred acres in the freeman's land [STR 1:20]. He was granted one acre of marsh on 25 December 1637, with a household of seven [STR 1:103].
He received a special grant by warrant, of one hundred acres in 1636 [STR 1:37]. When George Ingersoll received a ten acre lot, it was land formerly of Mr. Gardner's and others, which they had resigned to the town in favor of other land in March 1638/9 [STR 1:82]. Thomas Gardner was granted on 15 May 1639 a bank of upland near Strongwater Brook, paying 5s. an acre [STR 1:88]. He was granted half a three-quarter acre lot with Obadiah Homes, on land near the gate leading to the old mill, 20 March 1642/3 [STR 1:117]. He was granted ten acres in Salem for a house near the old mill, 8 February 1643/4 [STR 1:123]. "Mr. Gardner" was granted one acre of meadow on the north side of his farm, 31 August 1649 [STR 1:159]. "Mr. Gardner requested for himself and those that now do or hereafter shall live at those ten acre lots end or side that they may have the common land granted to them that lies at the foot of Mr. Read's hill to lie as common for their joint use; this request is granted," 27 April 1654 [STR 1:176].
On 6 December 1671 Thomas Gardner of Salem, husbandman, sold to "Josiah Sothwick," for a valuable consideration received thirteen years earlier, two acres in the North Field of Salem [ELR 4:85].
The will of "Thomas Gardner of Salem" was written 7 December 1668 and proved 29 March 1675 by witnesses Robert Pease and Samuel Goldthwaite [EQC 6:31]. "Weighing the uncertainty of man's life, I do therefore in the time of my health, make this my last will" giving to "my wife Damaris" all the estate she brought with her "according to our agreement" and £8 a year paid by my six sons provided she give up her dower in my housing and lands; to "my daughter Sara Balch" £15; to "my daughter Seeth Grafton" £15; to "my daughter Mirian [sic] Hills two daughters, Miriam Hill, & Susanna Hill," to each of them £5 at age eight~een or marriage; to "my sons George and John Gardner" salt meadow valued at £20; to "my sons Samuel and Joseph Gardner" the other part of my salt meadow; residue divided in seven equal parts, two parts to my son Thomas, he paying "his mother in law forty six shillings by the year," the other sons to receive one part each and pay their mother-in-law twenty-three shillings a year; sons George and Samuel Gardner executors; "my loving friends Mr. Joseph Grafton and Deacon Horne" overseers [EPR 2:423-24].
The inventory of the estate of "Mr. Thomas Gardner, taken 4:11m:1674" by Hilliard Veren, Sr. and John Pickering totalled £274 16s., including real estate valued at £201: "an old dwelling house with about 10 acres of land adjoining with the orchard, fences &c.," £31; ten acres of ground in the Northfield, £27; about 100 acres of upland and meadow, £100; about 20 acres of land lying in the woods, £3; and about 2 3/4 acres of salt marsh lying above the mill," £40. The inventory also included "2 old barrels of guns" valued at 5s. [EPR 2:424-5].
Following Thomas Gardner's probate, at the November 1677 term of Essex court his sons George ("now of Hartford, Connecticut") and Samuel sued John Pudney of Salem, husbandman, over a farm let to Pudney by lease dated 1 March 1672[/3] and described as Gardner's now dwelling house in Salem, with all his land in Northfield, about 20 acres, also his 10 acres of meadow ... for seven years from Apr. 15, 1672 at £11 per year, and two barrels of cider, said Gardner furnishing the cask, of which £4 were to be paid in wood at 8s. per cord, 40s. in butter and cheese, with one firkin of butter, 40s. in pork, and the remainder in corn. Said Pudney was not to remove any muck, and Gardner reserved the right to take the meadow near Needham's if he so desired [EQC 5:356].
On 2 September 1678 Lt. George Gardner, late of Salem & now of Hartford, merchant, and Samuel Gardner of Salem, mariner, joint executors of the last will of Mr. Thomas Gardner deceased, sold to John Swinnerton of Salem, physician, "all that part of the estate that said Gardner died possessed of and which the said executors have power to sell," including a dwelling house and ten acres in the North Field, another ten acres in the North Field, about an acre of upland by the Strongwater Brook, a farm containing one hundred acres of upland and meadow, and twenty acres of upland and meadow [ELR 5:3].
BIRTH: About 1592 (deposed aged about sixty-nine 26 November 1661 [EQC 2:320]).
DEATH: Salem 29 December 1674, "husband of Damaris."
MARRIAGE: (1) By about 1614 _____ _____; she probably died in Salem in 1636, perhaps at the birth of youngest child Seeth (see COMMENTS below).
(2) (prob.) By 1639 Margaret _____, who joined the church at Salem 24 March 1639/40 [ SChR 8]. (See TAG 30:156 for discussion of claims she was Margaret Friar.)
(3) Damaris (_____) Shattuck. She was the "widow Shattock" when she joined the Salem Church 2 July 1641 [SChR 11]; she died Salem 28 November 1674, one month before her husband. (See TAG 30:165-68 for discussion of this woman and her many connections to the Pope and Gardner families.) CHILDREN: With first wife

i THOMAS, b. say 1614 (adult 1637 when he received a grant from Salem [STR 1:52]; eldest son with a double share in his father's will); m. (1) by 1643 _____ Hapscott[?] [ TAG 26:108, 30:157-58]; m. (2) by an unknown date Elizabeth Horne, daughter of JOHN HORNE [ TAG 26:108, 30:158-99].

ii GEORGE, b. say 1616 (adult when "bretherin" Thomas and George Gardiner were given ten acres in Salem 8 November 1637 [STR 1:59]); made free 27 December 1642 [EQC 1:48]); m. (1) by 1644 Hannah _____; m. (2) by 1654 Elizabeth (Freestone) Turner, bp. Horncastle, Lincolnshire, 17 October 1619, daughter of Richard and Margery (Freestone) Freestone, and widow of Robert Turner, shoemaker, of Boston; m. (3) after 1663 (inventory of her previous husband [Manwaring 1:242]) Elizabeth (Allen) Stone, widow of Rev. SAMUEL STONE . (For the identity of these three wives we follow the work of George E. McCracken [ TAG 30:158-66].)

iii JOHN, b. about 1624 (d. Nantucket 6 July 1706, aged 82 years); m. 20 February 1653/4 Priscilla Grafton [NanVR , citing "William C. Folger genealogical records in the possession of the Nantucket Historical Association"; this marriage probably took place in Salem].

iv SARAH, b. about 1627; m. about 1650 as his first of three wives Benjamin Balch, son of JOHN BALCH .

v SAMUEL, b. about 1629 (deposed June Term, 1680, aged "about fifty years" [ EQC 7:389]); m. (1) before 1658 (eldest child b. Salem 5 August 1658) Mary White, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Herbert) White [NEHGR 150:193-95]; m. (2) Salem 2 August 1680 Elizabeth _____ Paine.

vi JOSEPH, b. about 1630 (about 16 in 1645/6 when he is anticipated in the train band [EQC 1:92]; near adult in 1649 [STR 1:157]); m. Ann Downing, daughter of Emmanuel Downing. She m. (2) 6 June 1676 SIMON BRADSTREET [ Hale, House 518].

vii RICHARD, b. about 1632 (d. Nantucket 1724, aged 92); m. about 1652 Sarah Shattuck, daughter of his stepmother Damaris (_____) (Shattuck) Gardner [ TAG 30:168].

viii MIRIAM, b. about 1635; m. by 1657 as his first wife John Hill. He m. (2) Salem 26 August 1664 Lydia Buffum.

ix SEETH, bp. Salem 25 December 1636 [SChR 16]; m. (1) Joshua Conant, son of ROGER CONANT [ TAG 30:156-57]; m. (2) 1 December 1659 John Grafton, son of Joseph Grafton.

ASSOCIATIONS: Banks states without authority that Gardner might have come from Hurst, Martock parish, Somersetshire [ Topo Dict 143], and other origins have been claimed. An origin in the West County for Thomas Gardner is certain, but the name is common and none of the suggestions made to date has a firm foundation.
George McCracken suggested that the unusual given name of the Gardner's last child, Seeth, was an indication that in previous generations there had been a marriage to someone with that surname [ TAG 30:157].
Both McCracken and Moriarty take the question of the connection between the Gardners and the Popes to task, but admit that the "relationship of the Pope and Gardner and Shattuck families is certain; the mode not yet plain" [ TAG 30:164-6].
In the painful June 1677 tangle over the burial of John Pudney's child on Mr. Gardner's hill, Pudney appealed a judgment of Major Hathorne's, mentioning the "kinship of Major Hathorne and said [Samuel] Gardner" [EQC 6:284]. This was probably a reference to the recent marriage of the Major's son to Samuel's daughter, and not an ancestral clue.
COMMENTS: "Mr. John Tylly and Mr. Thomas Gardener were employed as overseers of that whole business [of the plantation at Cape Anne]; the first with reference to the fishing, the other with respect to the planting on the main land, at least for one year's time" [ Young's First Planters 23].
In the Salem land grant of 1637 Thomas Gardner received acreage for a household of seven. His sons Thomas and George were already old enough to receive grants of their own and be considered separate households. Seven younger children of Thomas Sr. were still under age and presumably residing at home, which would make a household of eight. One or more of the children could have been serving in another family, but this accounting raises the possibility that Thomas did not have a wife living in 1637. This hypothesis is supported by the admission to church membership of a Margaret Gardner on 24 March 1639/40; had she been with Thomas Gardner since his arrival in New England, we would expect that she would appear in the list of church members compiled in late 1636 at the reorganization of the church. Consequently, we propose that Thomas Gardner had three wives, the first of them of unknown name, who died at the birth of the youngest child, Seeth, whose baptism is one of the first recorded in late 1636.
In the February Term of court 1645/6 "Mr. Thomas Gardener discharged from training when his sixth son comes in" [EQC 1:92]. Men were required to train from the age of 16 to 60, and this implies that last son Joseph was approaching 16 in 1645/6, placing his date of birth about 1630.
"The wife of Thomas Gardner Sr." was fined for frequent absence from the public ordinances on Lord's days, along with a number of other Quakers, November Term 1660 [ EQC 2:265]. This was merely the beginning of a long string of such fines and official harassment that eventually convinced several of the sons to move with their families away from Salem. Thomas Gardner Sr. is never named as having absented himself from public worship, and history is silent on his opinion of the matter.
When John Pudney's child died in 1677, he went with others to "Mr. Gardner's Hill," took down some fence bars, and dug a grave. Samuel Gardner came on horseback and ordered them off his land. Gardner had the grave filled in, but Pudney came back and succeeded in burying his child. The resulting suit at the June Term 1677 was appealed all the way to the Court of Assistants, which, after a jury trial, found for Pudney [ RCA 1:110]. The case produced a deposition by William Trask, who said that for these twenty-seven or twenty-eight years the land where John Pudney buried his child had been a usual burying place for so many as would make use of it for that purpose and he never heard that old Mr. Gardiner hindered any from burying their dead there, but he said at several funerals, `friends and neighbors, do not bury your dead by such a young tree for I do desire to be buried there myself.' According to deponent's knowledge, said Gardiner was buried there himself, and the draw bars that Pudney was sued for taking down stood on the town's land several feet, Mr. Gardiner having removed them several feet about five years since into the town's land. He further testified that for twenty-eight years the inhabitants of the town, as long as there were any great trees upon the land, cut the trees and carried away the timber without any molestation, and all the neighbors looked upon it as common land [ EQC 6:284].
Thomas Gardner paid John Pickering six pounds for some indeterminate service either to the town or to himself in March of 1638/9 [STR 1:84]. Thomas Gardner's bull was set out to stud in the town herd in 1640 for a fee of 20s. [STR 1:99]. Gardner was chosen one of the commissioners to calculate damage done by cattle in Richard Ingersoll's lot 12 July 1642 [ EQC 1:42]. Gardner was one of those who was to receive the corn for John Moore in 1643 [ STR 1:120]. Mr. Gardner's new building is mentioned in the Salem town minutes of 30 7mo 1644 [STR 1:133].
Thomas Gardner was one of the seven influential men who advanced Hilliard Veren as the new clerk of courts, when "he that was last chosen thereunto is now removed to the eastward" [June Term, 1658, EQC 2:102].
Thomas Gardner Sr. took the inventory of William Bacon 26 September 1653 and provided the same service for Bacon's widow, Rebecca Bacon, two years later [EQC 1:323, 413]. He proved the will of Thomas Trussler at the June Term, 1654 and took his inventory 5 June 1654 [EQC 1:356-7]. He took the inventory of Henry Bullock, Jr., 10 January 1656 [EQC 2:49]. He was appointed administrator of the New England estate of his son-in-law Joshua Conant, who died intestate in England [EQC 2:190-1, November Term, 1659; 2:217]. With William Robinson, Thomas Gardner testified that John and Daniel Southwick had settled the division of their father Lawrence's estate [June Term, 1660, EQC 2:217]. Gardner also took the inventory of Lawrence Southwick's estate [November Term, 1660, EQC 2:263]. He took the inventory of William Cantlebury of Salem 25 June 1663, and probably was the Thomas Gardner who took the inventory of Ralph Tompkins of Salem 12 November 1666 [EQC 3:83, 379].25


Capt. Thomas Gardner left a will on 7 December 1668; Per Anderson [1995:II:733] Images attached:
     "The will of "Thomas Gardner of Salem" was written 7 December 1668 and proved 29 March 1675 by witnesses Robert Pease and Samuel Goldthwaite [EQC 6:31]. "Weighing the uncertainty of man's life, I do therefore in the time of my health, make this my last will" giving to "my wife Damaris" all the estate she brought with her "according to our agreement" and £8 a year paid by my six sons provided she give up her dower in my housing and lands; to "my daughter Sara Balch" £15; to "my daughter Seeth Grafton" £15; to "my daughter Mirian [sic] Hills two daughters, Miriam Hill, &: Susanna Hill," to each of them £5 at age eighteen or marriage; to "my sons George and John Gardner" salt meadow valued at £20; to "my sons Samuel and Joseph Gardner" the other part of my salt meadow; residue divided in seven equal parts, two parts to my son Thomas, he paying "his mother in law forty six shillings by the year," the other sons to receive one part each and pay their mother-in-law twenty-three shillings a year; sons George and Samuel Gardner executors; "my loving friends Mr. Joseph Grafton and Deacon Horne" overseers [EPR 2:423-24].
     "The inventory of the estate of "Mr. Thomas Gardner, taken 4:11m:1674" by Hilliard Veren, Sr. and John Pickering totalled £274 16s., including real estate valued at £201: "an old dwelling house with about 10 acres of land adjoining with the orchard, fences &:c.," £31; ten acres of ground in the Northfield, £27; about 100 acres of upland and meadow, £ 10 0; about 20 acres of land lying in the woods, £3;and about 2 3/4 acres of salt marsh lying above the mill," £40. The inventory also included "2 old barrels of guns" valued at 5s. [EPR 2:424-5].
     "Following Thomas Gardner's probate, at the November 1677 term of Essex court his sons George ("now of Hartford, Connecticut") and Samuel sued John Pudney of Salem, husbandman, over a farm let to Pudney by lease dated 1 March 1672[/3] and described as Gardner's
now dwelling house in Salem, with all his land in Northfield, about 20 acres, also his I0 acres of meadow ... for seven years from Apr. 15, 1672 at £11 per year, and two barrels of cider, said Gardner furnishing the cask, of which £4 were to be paid in wood at 8s. per cord, 40s. in butter and cheese, with. one firkin of butter, 40s. in pork, and the remainder in corn. Said Pudney was not to remove any muck, and Gardner reserved the right to take the meadow near Needham's if he so desired [EQC 5:356].

     "On 2 September 1678 Lt. George Gardner, late of Salem & now of Hartford, merchant, and Samuel Gardner of Salem, mariner, joint executors of e last will of Mr. Thomas Gardner deceased, sold to John Swinnerton of Salem, physician, "all that part of the estate that said Gardner died possessed of and which the said executors have power to sell," including a dwelling house and ten acres in the North Field, another ten acres in the North Field, about an acre of upland by the Strongwater Brook, a farm containing one hundred acres of upland and meadow, and twenty acres of upland and meadow [ELR 5:3]."14

Family 1

unknown (?) d. c 1636
Children

Family 2

Margaret Frier b. 1594

Family 3

Damaris (?) d. 29 Nov 1674

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.
  2. [S1217] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:1590432, Sue Cary (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1590432&id=I17999
  3. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER, Gives first marriage as "By about 1614 _____ _____; she probably died in Salem in 1636, perhaps at the birth of youngest child Seeth...". Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.
  4. [S2354] Ancestry.Com Web Site, online http://search.ancestry.com/, U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700
    Info: https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?viewrecord=1&r=an&db=NewEnglandMarriages&indiv=try&h=177882
    Image: https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/3824/images/flhg_supptorreysnewengmarr2-0125?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&queryId=721ab9a3ea5a283c67065dc0a00fe08b&usePUB=true&_phsrc=QkD2211&_phstart=successSource&usePUBJs=true&pId=177883. Hereinafter cited as Ancestry.Com Web Site.
  5. [S2888] Robert Charles Anderson The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, 3 Volumes (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995), Vol II, p. 733. Hereinafter cited as Anderson [1995] Great Migration Begins 1620-1633.
  6. [S1368] NEHGS Great Migration Web Site, online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER
  7. [S2354] Ancestry.Com Web Site, online http://search.ancestry.com/, Redcord #2: U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700
    Info: https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?viewrecord=1&r=an&db=NewEnglandMarriages&indiv=try&h=177883
    Image: https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/3824/images/flhg_supptorreysnewengmarr2-0125?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&queryId=721ab9a3ea5a283c67065dc0a00fe08b&usePUB=true&_phsrc=QkD2211&_phstart=successSource&usePUBJs=true&pId=177883
  8. [S2354] Ancestry.Com Web Site, online http://search.ancestry.com/, Record #1: U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700
    Info: https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?viewrecord=1&r=an&db=NewEnglandMarriages&indiv=try&h=50218
    Image: https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/3824/images/gpc_newenglandmarriages-0310?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&queryId=721ab9a3ea5a283c67065dc0a00fe08b&usePUB=true&_phsrc=QkD2212&_phstart=successSource&usePUBJs=true&pId=50218
  9. [S1368] NEHGS Great Migration Web Site, online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER, Gives third marriage as "Damaris (_____) Shattuck. She was the "widow Shattock" when she joined the Salem Church 2 July 1641 [SChR 11]; she died Salem 28 November 1674, one month before her husband. (See TAG 30:165-68 for discussion of this woman and her many connections to the Pope and Gardner families.).
  10. [S2813] M. D. Frank Augustine Gardner, Gardner Memorial: A Biographical and Genealogical Record of the Descendants of Thomas Gardner, Planter through his Son Lieut. George Gardner (Salem, MA: Privately Printed, 1933), p. 22. Hereinafter cited as Gardner [1933] Gardner Memorial.
  11. [S2354] Ancestry.Com Web Site, online http://search.ancestry.com/, U.S., New England Marriages Prior to 1700
    Info: https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?viewrecord=1&r=an&db=NewEnglandMarriages&indiv=try&h=50222
    Image: https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/3824/images/flhg_supptorreysnewengmarr2-0125?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&queryId=721ab9a3ea5a283c67065dc0a00fe08b&usePUB=true&_phsrc=QkD2211&_phstart=successSource&usePUBJs=true&pId=177883
  12. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46936
  13. [S2721] Henry D. Biddle, The Drinker Family in america: to and Including the Eighth Generation (n.p.: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1893), p. 6. Hereinafter cited as Biddle [1893] - Drinker Family in America.
  14. [S2888] Robert Charles Anderson Anderson [1995] Great Migration Begins 1620-1633, Vol II, p. 732-3.
  15. [S2888] Robert Charles Anderson Anderson [1995] Great Migration Begins 1620-1633, Vol II, p. 735.
  16. [S1549] "Author's comment", various, Gregory A. Vaut (e-mail address), to unknown recipient (unknown recipient address), 8 Dec 2020; unknown repository, unknown repository address. Hereinafter cited as "GA Vaut Comment."
  17. [S2813] M. D. Frank Augustine Gardner, Gardner [1933] Gardner Memorial.
  18. [S2813] M. D. Frank Augustine Gardner, Gardner [1933] Gardner Memorial, pp. 9-31; http://hdl.handle.net/2027/wu.89066147570
  19. [S2814] George E. McCracken, "The Salem Gardners: Comments and Clues", The American Genealogist (TAG) 30:3:155-168 (July 1954). Hereinafter cited as "The Salem Gardners."
  20. [S2888] Robert Charles Anderson Anderson [1995] Great Migration Begins 1620-1633, Vol II, p. 731-7.
  21. [S2354] Ancestry.Com Web Site, online http://search.ancestry.com/, Record #1: Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775
    Info: https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?viewrecord=1&r=an&db=USColonialFamilies&indiv=try&h=35954
    Image: https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/61175/images/colonialfamiliesii-001246_293?pId=35954
  22. [S2354] Ancestry.Com Web Site, online http://search.ancestry.com/, Record #2: North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000
    Info: https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?viewrecord=1&r=an&db=ContentPegFamilyHistories&indiv=try&h=257662
    Image: https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/61157/images/46155_b289561-00256?pId=257662
  23. [S1227] M. D. Galusha B. Balch, Genealogy of the Balch Families in America (Salem, MA: Eben Putnam, 1897), p. 9. Hereinafter cited as Galusha Balch, "Balch Families."
  24. [S1142] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=bobshannon, Bob Shannon (unknown location), downloaded updated 4 Jan 2000, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bobshannon&id=I409
  25. [S1368] NEHGS Great Migration Web Site, online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER, Entry for Thomas Gardner at http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER
  26. [S979] e-mail address, updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46950
  27. [S1670] The Ancestors of Senator John Forbes Kerry (b. 1943), online http://members.aol.com/wreitwiesn/candidates2004/kerry.html. Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of John Kerry.
  28. [S979] e-mail address, updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46951
  29. [S979] e-mail address, updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46947
  30. [S979] e-mail address, updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46952
  31. [S979] e-mail address, updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46953
  32. [S979] e-mail address, updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46955
  33. [S979] e-mail address, updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46920

Seeth Gardner1,2,3

F, #27794, b. 25 December 1636, d. 7 April 1707
FatherCapt. Thomas Gardner2 b. 4 Mar 1590/91, d. 29 Dec 1674
Motherunknown (?)2,3 d. c 1636
Last Edited30 May 2002
     Seeth Gardner was buried at Gardner Cemetery, Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.2

She was born before 25 December 1636 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.4,3 She was christened on 25 December 1636 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.2 She married Joshua Conant before 1657 at Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.2 Seeth Gardner married John Grafton on 1 December 1659 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.5,3
Seeth Gardner died on 7 April 1707 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA, at age 70.2,4
     ; (1) Ruth W. Lindenberger, family group sheets compiled under the title 'Gardner Genealog y and Descendants.' FHL. Cites: (a) Starbuck's 'History of Nantucket.' (2) 'Gardner Memorial,' by Frank Augustine Gardner (Salem, MA, 1933) p.17,31. FHL #929.27 3 171g. (3) 'The Great Migration Begins - Immigrants to New England 1620-1633,' by Robert Charles A nderson (NEHGS, Boston, MA, 1995) 1:454, 2:734. Cites: (a) 'The American Genealogist,' 30:156 -157. (b) 'The Records of the First Church in Salem, Massachusetts, 1629-1736,' ed. Richard D . Pierce (Salem, 1974) p.16. (4) 'Essex County, Massachusetts City & Town Vital Records for the surname Gardner and vari ants of, to the end of the year 1849' (http://members.aol.com/SueG476/Essex.html, 1998). Cite s: (a) Church records. Birth: (1) 1636. (1,2) d/o Thomas Gardner/Margaret __. (3) d/o Thomas Garner by unknown 1s t wife. (NOTE: Does her unusual 1st name indicate the surname of a mother or grandmother?) Baptism: (2,4a) 25 10th mo. 1636. (3b) 25 Dec 1636. (3b,4a) Salem, MA. Marriage to Joshua Conant: (1,2) (3) By 1657. Marriage to John Grafton: (2) (3) 1 Dec 1659, Salem, MA. Death: (2) 17 Apr 1707. Burial: (2) Gardner Burying Ground on Gardiner's Hill, Salem, MA. Stone removed to Harmon y Grove Cemetery. (2) Had six children by husband John Grafton.2 Seeth Gardner lived at an unknown place ; SEETH, bp. Salem 25 December 1636 [SChR 16]; m. (1) Joshua Conant, son of ROGER CONANT [TAG 30:156-57]; m. (2) 1 December 1659 John Grafton, son of Joseph Grafton.3

Family 1

Joshua Conant b. 1630, d. 1659

Family 2

John Grafton

Citations

  1. George McCracken suggested that the unusual given name of the Gardner's last child, Seeth, was an indication that in previous generations there had been a marriage to someone with that surname [TAG 30:157].
  2. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001.
  3. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER. Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.
  4. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46949
  5. [S978] e-mail address, updated 27 Nov 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=luseaann&id=I109272

Joshua Conant1

M, #27795, b. 1630, d. 1659
Last Edited22 Jan 2002
     Joshua Conant was born in 1630 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1 He married Seeth Gardner, daughter of Capt. Thomas Gardner and unknown (?), before 1657 at Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.2
Joshua Conant died in 1659 at England.1

Family

Seeth Gardner b. 25 Dec 1636, d. 7 Apr 1707

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=luseaann&id=I100862
  2. [S978] e-mail address, updated 27 Nov 2001.

John Grafton1

M, #27796
Last Edited30 May 2002
     John Grafton married Seeth Gardner, daughter of Capt. Thomas Gardner and unknown (?), on 1 December 1659 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1,2

Family

Seeth Gardner b. 25 Dec 1636, d. 7 Apr 1707

Citations

  1. [S978] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=luseaann, Lucille Chestnut (unknown location), downloaded updated 27 Nov 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=luseaann&id=I109272
  2. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER. Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.

John Gardner1

M, #27797, b. circa 1624, d. 6 July 1706
FatherCapt. Thomas Gardner1 b. 4 Mar 1590/91, d. 29 Dec 1674
Motherunknown (?)1,2 d. c 1636
Last Edited30 May 2002
     John Gardner was born circa 1624 at Nantucket Co., Massachusetts, USA.1,2 He married Prischilla Grafton on 20 February 1653 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.3
John Gardner was buried in 1706 at Nantucket Co., Massachusetts, USA.1


John Gardner died on 6 July 1706 at Nantucket Co., Massachusetts, USA.1,2
     ; JOHN, b. about 1624 (d. Nantucket 6 July 1706, aged 82 years); m. 20 February 1653/4 Priscilla Grafton [ NanVR , citing "William C. Folger genealogical records in the possession of the Nantucket Historical Association"; this marriage probably took place in Salem].2

Citations

  1. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46947
  2. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER. Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.
  3. [S1368] NEHGS Great Migration Web Site, online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER

Miriam Gardner1

F, #27798, b. circa 1635, d. 17 September 1750
FatherCapt. Thomas Gardner1 b. 4 Mar 1590/91, d. 29 Dec 1674
Motherunknown (?)1,2 d. c 1636
Last Edited30 May 2002
     Miriam Gardner married John Hill before 1635.3 Miriam Gardner was born circa 1635 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1,2
Miriam Gardner died on 17 September 1750 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1
     Miriam Gardner lived at an unknown place ; MIRIAM, b. about 1635; m. by 1657 as his first wife John Hill. He m. (2) Salem 26 August 1664 Lydia Buffum.2

Family

John Hill

Citations

  1. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46920
  2. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER. Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.
  3. [S1368] NEHGS Great Migration Web Site, online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER

Lieut. George Gardner1,2

M, #27799, b. say 1616, d. 20 August 1679
FatherCapt. Thomas Gardner1,3 b. 4 Mar 1590/91, d. 29 Dec 1674
Motherunknown (?)4 d. c 1636
Last Edited7 Oct 2014
     Lieut. George Gardner was born say 1616 at England.1 He married Hannah (?) before 1644.5 Lieut. George Gardner married Elizabeth Freestone before 1654.5 Lieut. George Gardner married Elizabeth Allen after 1663.5
Lieut. George Gardner died on 20 August 1679 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1,6,7
     ; GEORGE, b. say 1616 (adult when "bretherin" Thomas and George Gardiner were given ten acres in Salem 8 November 1637 [STR 1:59]); made free 27 December 1642 [EQC 1:48]); m. (1) by 1644 Hannah _____; m. (2) by 1654 Elizabeth (Freestone) Turner, bp. Horncastle, Lincolnshire, 17 October 1619, daughter of Richard and Margery (Freestone) Freestone, and widow of Robert Turner, shoemaker, of Boston; m. (3) after 1663 (inventory of her previous husband [Manwaring 1:242]) Elizabeth (Allen) Stone, widow of Rev. SAMUEL STONE . (For the identity of these three wives we follow the work of George E. McCracken [TAG 30:158-66].)4 He witnessed the immigration of Capt. Thomas Gardner and unknown (?) in 1624 at Cape Ann Plantation, Nantucket Co., Massachusetts, USA; the Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III

Robert Charles Anderson
Great Migration Study Project
New England Historic Genealogical Society


THOMAS GARDNER

ORIGIN: Unknown
MIGRATION: 1624
FIRST RESIDENCE: Cape Ann
REMOVES: Salem 1626
OCCUPATION: Innkeeper (Thomas Gardner, Sr., was repeatedly licensed during the 1660s to retail strong drink, but in June 1667 the license was amended to allow him to sell only to "strangers" and not to townsmen [EQC 3:339, 431, 4:36, 37, 161, 269, 397]).
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: In list of Salem church members compiled in late 1636 [SChR 5].
FREEMAN: 17 May 1637 [MBCR 1:373].
EDUCATION: Signed his name to several petitions and inventories.
OFFICES: Deputy for Salem to the General Court, 26 September 1637 [MBCR 1:204]. Essex grand jury, 25 February 1641, 27 January 1643/4, July 1644 [STR 1:120; EQC 1:33, 57, 62]. Petit jury, failed to appear and fined 29 June 1641 [EQC 1:26]; appeared 27 January 1642/3, 28 January 1646, 28 January 1647/8, 26 January 1648/9, 26 June 1649, 24 June 1651 (foreman), 29 June 1652, 28 June 1653, 6 March 1653/4, 13 June 1655, 27 November 1655, 30 June 1657, 29 June 1658 [STR 1:104, 146, 184, 186, 202, 216; EQC 1:44, 129, 153, 169, 229, 254, 283, 326, 408, 2:42, 71]. Jury, 27 August 1636, 27 June 1637 (foreman), 27 September 1639, 29 January 1640[/1] [EQC 1:3, 6, 12, 24]. Coroner's jury on Ralph Elwood, August 1644 [EQC 1:71].
Salem selectman, 1635, 1637, 1642-6, 1650, 1655-6 [STR 1:13, 50, 113, 121, 128, 136, 143, 164, 182, 190]. Salem constable, 1639 [STR 1:88]. Salem fenceviewer, 1636 [STR 1:41]. Overseer or surveyor for Salem highways 1637/8, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1649, 1655-8 [ STR 1:67, 90, 117, 124, 158, 189, 191, 214]. Salem rater, 1639/40 [STR 1:97].
ESTATE: In the 1636 Salem grants Thomas Gardner had one hundred acres in the freeman's land [STR 1:20]. He was granted one acre of marsh on 25 December 1637, with a household of seven [STR 1:103].
He received a special grant by warrant, of one hundred acres in 1636 [STR 1:37]. When George Ingersoll received a ten acre lot, it was land formerly of Mr. Gardner's and others, which they had resigned to the town in favor of other land in March 1638/9 [STR 1:82]. Thomas Gardner was granted on 15 May 1639 a bank of upland near Strongwater Brook, paying 5s. an acre [STR 1:88]. He was granted half a three-quarter acre lot with Obadiah Homes, on land near the gate leading to the old mill, 20 March 1642/3 [STR 1:117]. He was granted ten acres in Salem for a house near the old mill, 8 February 1643/4 [STR 1:123]. "Mr. Gardner" was granted one acre of meadow on the north side of his farm, 31 August 1649 [STR 1:159]. "Mr. Gardner requested for himself and those that now do or hereafter shall live at those ten acre lots end or side that they may have the common land granted to them that lies at the foot of Mr. Read's hill to lie as common for their joint use; this request is granted," 27 April 1654 [STR 1:176].
On 6 December 1671 Thomas Gardner of Salem, husbandman, sold to "Josiah Sothwick," for a valuable consideration received thirteen years earlier, two acres in the North Field of Salem [ELR 4:85].
The will of "Thomas Gardner of Salem" was written 7 December 1668 and proved 29 March 1675 by witnesses Robert Pease and Samuel Goldthwaite [EQC 6:31]. "Weighing the uncertainty of man's life, I do therefore in the time of my health, make this my last will" giving to "my wife Damaris" all the estate she brought with her "according to our agreement" and £8 a year paid by my six sons provided she give up her dower in my housing and lands; to "my daughter Sara Balch" £15; to "my daughter Seeth Grafton" £15; to "my daughter Mirian [sic] Hills two daughters, Miriam Hill, & Susanna Hill," to each of them £5 at age eight~een or marriage; to "my sons George and John Gardner" salt meadow valued at £20; to "my sons Samuel and Joseph Gardner" the other part of my salt meadow; residue divided in seven equal parts, two parts to my son Thomas, he paying "his mother in law forty six shillings by the year," the other sons to receive one part each and pay their mother-in-law twenty-three shillings a year; sons George and Samuel Gardner executors; "my loving friends Mr. Joseph Grafton and Deacon Horne" overseers [EPR 2:423-24].
The inventory of the estate of "Mr. Thomas Gardner, taken 4:11m:1674" by Hilliard Veren, Sr. and John Pickering totalled £274 16s., including real estate valued at £201: "an old dwelling house with about 10 acres of land adjoining with the orchard, fences &c.," £31; ten acres of ground in the Northfield, £27; about 100 acres of upland and meadow, £100; about 20 acres of land lying in the woods, £3; and about 2 3/4 acres of salt marsh lying above the mill," £40. The inventory also included "2 old barrels of guns" valued at 5s. [EPR 2:424-5].
Following Thomas Gardner's probate, at the November 1677 term of Essex court his sons George ("now of Hartford, Connecticut") and Samuel sued John Pudney of Salem, husbandman, over a farm let to Pudney by lease dated 1 March 1672[/3] and described as Gardner's now dwelling house in Salem, with all his land in Northfield, about 20 acres, also his 10 acres of meadow ... for seven years from Apr. 15, 1672 at £11 per year, and two barrels of cider, said Gardner furnishing the cask, of which £4 were to be paid in wood at 8s. per cord, 40s. in butter and cheese, with one firkin of butter, 40s. in pork, and the remainder in corn. Said Pudney was not to remove any muck, and Gardner reserved the right to take the meadow near Needham's if he so desired [EQC 5:356].
On 2 September 1678 Lt. George Gardner, late of Salem & now of Hartford, merchant, and Samuel Gardner of Salem, mariner, joint executors of the last will of Mr. Thomas Gardner deceased, sold to John Swinnerton of Salem, physician, "all that part of the estate that said Gardner died possessed of and which the said executors have power to sell," including a dwelling house and ten acres in the North Field, another ten acres in the North Field, about an acre of upland by the Strongwater Brook, a farm containing one hundred acres of upland and meadow, and twenty acres of upland and meadow [ELR 5:3].
BIRTH: About 1592 (deposed aged about sixty-nine 26 November 1661 [EQC 2:320]).
DEATH: Salem 29 December 1674, "husband of Damaris."
MARRIAGE: (1) By about 1614 _____ _____; she probably died in Salem in 1636, perhaps at the birth of youngest child Seeth (see COMMENTS below).
(2) (prob.) By 1639 Margaret _____, who joined the church at Salem 24 March 1639/40 [ SChR 8]. (See TAG 30:156 for discussion of claims she was Margaret Friar.)
(3) Damaris (_____) Shattuck. She was the "widow Shattock" when she joined the Salem Church 2 July 1641 [SChR 11]; she died Salem 28 November 1674, one month before her husband. (See TAG 30:165-68 for discussion of this woman and her many connections to the Pope and Gardner families.) CHILDREN: With first wife

i THOMAS, b. say 1614 (adult 1637 when he received a grant from Salem [STR 1:52]; eldest son with a double share in his father's will); m. (1) by 1643 _____ Hapscott[?] [ TAG 26:108, 30:157-58]; m. (2) by an unknown date Elizabeth Horne, daughter of JOHN HORNE [ TAG 26:108, 30:158-99].

ii GEORGE, b. say 1616 (adult when "bretherin" Thomas and George Gardiner were given ten acres in Salem 8 November 1637 [STR 1:59]); made free 27 December 1642 [EQC 1:48]); m. (1) by 1644 Hannah _____; m. (2) by 1654 Elizabeth (Freestone) Turner, bp. Horncastle, Lincolnshire, 17 October 1619, daughter of Richard and Margery (Freestone) Freestone, and widow of Robert Turner, shoemaker, of Boston; m. (3) after 1663 (inventory of her previous husband [Manwaring 1:242]) Elizabeth (Allen) Stone, widow of Rev. SAMUEL STONE . (For the identity of these three wives we follow the work of George E. McCracken [ TAG 30:158-66].)

iii JOHN, b. about 1624 (d. Nantucket 6 July 1706, aged 82 years); m. 20 February 1653/4 Priscilla Grafton [NanVR , citing "William C. Folger genealogical records in the possession of the Nantucket Historical Association"; this marriage probably took place in Salem].

iv SARAH, b. about 1627; m. about 1650 as his first of three wives Benjamin Balch, son of JOHN BALCH .

v SAMUEL, b. about 1629 (deposed June Term, 1680, aged "about fifty years" [ EQC 7:389]); m. (1) before 1658 (eldest child b. Salem 5 August 1658) Mary White, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Herbert) White [NEHGR 150:193-95]; m. (2) Salem 2 August 1680 Elizabeth _____ Paine.

vi JOSEPH, b. about 1630 (about 16 in 1645/6 when he is anticipated in the train band [EQC 1:92]; near adult in 1649 [STR 1:157]); m. Ann Downing, daughter of Emmanuel Downing. She m. (2) 6 June 1676 SIMON BRADSTREET [ Hale, House 518].

vii RICHARD, b. about 1632 (d. Nantucket 1724, aged 92); m. about 1652 Sarah Shattuck, daughter of his stepmother Damaris (_____) (Shattuck) Gardner [ TAG 30:168].

viii MIRIAM, b. about 1635; m. by 1657 as his first wife John Hill. He m. (2) Salem 26 August 1664 Lydia Buffum.

ix SEETH, bp. Salem 25 December 1636 [SChR 16]; m. (1) Joshua Conant, son of ROGER CONANT [ TAG 30:156-57]; m. (2) 1 December 1659 John Grafton, son of Joseph Grafton.

ASSOCIATIONS: Banks states without authority that Gardner might have come from Hurst, Martock parish, Somersetshire [ Topo Dict 143], and other origins have been claimed. An origin in the West County for Thomas Gardner is certain, but the name is common and none of the suggestions made to date has a firm foundation.
George McCracken suggested that the unusual given name of the Gardner's last child, Seeth, was an indication that in previous generations there had been a marriage to someone with that surname [ TAG 30:157].
Both McCracken and Moriarty take the question of the connection between the Gardners and the Popes to task, but admit that the "relationship of the Pope and Gardner and Shattuck families is certain; the mode not yet plain" [ TAG 30:164-6].
In the painful June 1677 tangle over the burial of John Pudney's child on Mr. Gardner's hill, Pudney appealed a judgment of Major Hathorne's, mentioning the "kinship of Major Hathorne and said [Samuel] Gardner" [EQC 6:284]. This was probably a reference to the recent marriage of the Major's son to Samuel's daughter, and not an ancestral clue.
COMMENTS: "Mr. John Tylly and Mr. Thomas Gardener were employed as overseers of that whole business [of the plantation at Cape Anne]; the first with reference to the fishing, the other with respect to the planting on the main land, at least for one year's time" [ Young's First Planters 23].
In the Salem land grant of 1637 Thomas Gardner received acreage for a household of seven. His sons Thomas and George were already old enough to receive grants of their own and be considered separate households. Seven younger children of Thomas Sr. were still under age and presumably residing at home, which would make a household of eight. One or more of the children could have been serving in another family, but this accounting raises the possibility that Thomas did not have a wife living in 1637. This hypothesis is supported by the admission to church membership of a Margaret Gardner on 24 March 1639/40; had she been with Thomas Gardner since his arrival in New England, we would expect that she would appear in the list of church members compiled in late 1636 at the reorganization of the church. Consequently, we propose that Thomas Gardner had three wives, the first of them of unknown name, who died at the birth of the youngest child, Seeth, whose baptism is one of the first recorded in late 1636.
In the February Term of court 1645/6 "Mr. Thomas Gardener discharged from training when his sixth son comes in" [EQC 1:92]. Men were required to train from the age of 16 to 60, and this implies that last son Joseph was approaching 16 in 1645/6, placing his date of birth about 1630.
"The wife of Thomas Gardner Sr." was fined for frequent absence from the public ordinances on Lord's days, along with a number of other Quakers, November Term 1660 [ EQC 2:265]. This was merely the beginning of a long string of such fines and official harassment that eventually convinced several of the sons to move with their families away from Salem. Thomas Gardner Sr. is never named as having absented himself from public worship, and history is silent on his opinion of the matter.
When John Pudney's child died in 1677, he went with others to "Mr. Gardner's Hill," took down some fence bars, and dug a grave. Samuel Gardner came on horseback and ordered them off his land. Gardner had the grave filled in, but Pudney came back and succeeded in burying his child. The resulting suit at the June Term 1677 was appealed all the way to the Court of Assistants, which, after a jury trial, found for Pudney [ RCA 1:110]. The case produced a deposition by William Trask, who said that for these twenty-seven or twenty-eight years the land where John Pudney buried his child had been a usual burying place for so many as would make use of it for that purpose and he never heard that old Mr. Gardiner hindered any from burying their dead there, but he said at several funerals, `friends and neighbors, do not bury your dead by such a young tree for I do desire to be buried there myself.' According to deponent's knowledge, said Gardiner was buried there himself, and the draw bars that Pudney was sued for taking down stood on the town's land several feet, Mr. Gardiner having removed them several feet about five years since into the town's land. He further testified that for twenty-eight years the inhabitants of the town, as long as there were any great trees upon the land, cut the trees and carried away the timber without any molestation, and all the neighbors looked upon it as common land [ EQC 6:284].
Thomas Gardner paid John Pickering six pounds for some indeterminate service either to the town or to himself in March of 1638/9 [STR 1:84]. Thomas Gardner's bull was set out to stud in the town herd in 1640 for a fee of 20s. [STR 1:99]. Gardner was chosen one of the commissioners to calculate damage done by cattle in Richard Ingersoll's lot 12 July 1642 [ EQC 1:42]. Gardner was one of those who was to receive the corn for John Moore in 1643 [ STR 1:120]. Mr. Gardner's new building is mentioned in the Salem town minutes of 30 7mo 1644 [STR 1:133].
Thomas Gardner was one of the seven influential men who advanced Hilliard Veren as the new clerk of courts, when "he that was last chosen thereunto is now removed to the eastward" [June Term, 1658, EQC 2:102].
Thomas Gardner Sr. took the inventory of William Bacon 26 September 1653 and provided the same service for Bacon's widow, Rebecca Bacon, two years later [EQC 1:323, 413]. He proved the will of Thomas Trussler at the June Term, 1654 and took his inventory 5 June 1654 [EQC 1:356-7]. He took the inventory of Henry Bullock, Jr., 10 January 1656 [EQC 2:49]. He was appointed administrator of the New England estate of his son-in-law Joshua Conant, who died intestate in England [EQC 2:190-1, November Term, 1659; 2:217]. With William Robinson, Thomas Gardner testified that John and Daniel Southwick had settled the division of their father Lawrence's estate [June Term, 1660, EQC 2:217]. Gardner also took the inventory of Lawrence Southwick's estate [November Term, 1660, EQC 2:263]. He took the inventory of William Cantlebury of Salem 25 June 1663, and probably was the Thomas Gardner who took the inventory of Ralph Tompkins of Salem 12 November 1666 [EQC 3:83, 379].8

Family 1

Hannah (?)

Family 2

Child

Family 3

Elizabeth Freestone b. b 17 Oct 1619

Family 4

Elizabeth Allen

Citations

  1. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46951
  2. [S2813] M. D. Frank Augustine Gardner, Gardner Memorial: A Biographical and Genealogical Record of the Descendants of Thomas Gardner, Planter through his Son Lieut. George Gardner (Salem, MA: Privately Printed, 1933), p. 32. Hereinafter cited as Gardner [1933] Gardner Memorial.
  3. [S1670] The Ancestors of Senator John Forbes Kerry (b. 1943), online http://members.aol.com/wreitwiesn/candidates2004/kerry.html. Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of John Kerry.
  4. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER. Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.
  5. [S1368] NEHGS Great Migration Web Site, online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER
  6. [S1688] The Ancestors of Maria Teresa Thierstein Simões-Ferreira, online http://members.aol.com/wreitwiesn/candidates2004/simoes.html. Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of Maria Heinz Kerry.
  7. [S2813] M. D. Frank Augustine Gardner, Gardner [1933] Gardner Memorial, p. 40.
  8. [S1368] NEHGS Great Migration Web Site, online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER, Entry for Thomas Gardner at http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER

Thomas Gardner1

M, #27800, b. say 1614, d. 15 July 1689
FatherCapt. Thomas Gardner1,2 b. 4 Mar 1590/91, d. 29 Dec 1674
Motherunknown (?)3 d. c 1636
Last Edited2 Sep 2004
     Thomas Gardner married Elizabeth Horne.4 Thomas Gardner was born say 1614 at England.3 He married (?) Hapscott before 1643 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.3
Thomas Gardner died on 15 July 1689 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1,2
     ; THOMAS, b. say 1614 (adult 1637 when he received a grant from Salem [STR 1:52]; eldest son with a double share in his father's will); m. (1) by 1643 _____ Hapscott[?] [ TAG 26:108, 30:157-58]; m. (2) by an unknown date Elizabeth Horne, daughter of JOHN HORNE [ TAG 26:108, 30:158-99].3

Family 1

Elizabeth Horne

Family 2

(?) Hapscott

Family 3

Child

Citations

  1. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46950
  2. [S1670] The Ancestors of Senator John Forbes Kerry (b. 1943), online http://members.aol.com/wreitwiesn/candidates2004/kerry.html. Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of John Kerry.
  3. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER. Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.
  4. [S1368] NEHGS Great Migration Web Site, online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER

Samuel Gardner1

M, #27801, b. circa 1629, d. October 1689
FatherCapt. Thomas Gardner1 b. 4 Mar 1590/91, d. 29 Dec 1674
Motherunknown (?)1,2 d. c 1636
Last Edited30 May 2002
     Samuel Gardner was born circa 1629 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1,2 He married Mary White before 1658 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.
Samuel Gardner died in October 1689 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1
     Samuel Gardner lived at an unknown place ; SAMUEL, b. about 1629 (deposed June Term, 1680, aged "about fifty years" [EQC 7:389]); m. (1) before 1658 (eldest child b. Salem 5 August 1658) Mary White, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Herbert) White [NEHGR 150:193-95]; m. (2) Salem 2 August 1680 Elizabeth _____ Paine.2

Family

Mary White

Citations

  1. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46952
  2. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER. Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.

Joseph Gardner1

M, #27802, b. circa 1630, d. 19 December 1675
FatherCapt. Thomas Gardner1 b. 4 Mar 1590/91, d. 29 Dec 1674
Motherunknown (?)1,2 d. c 1636
Last Edited30 May 2002
     Joseph Gardner was born circa 1630 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1,2 He married Ann Downing, daughter of Emmanuel Downing, circa 1649 at prob. Salem, Massachusetts, USA.3
Joseph Gardner died on 19 December 1675 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA; Killed by Indians.1
     Joseph Gardner lived at an unknown place ; JOSEPH, b. about 1630 (about 16 in 1645/6 when he is anticipated in the train band [EQC 1:92]; near adult in 1649 [STR 1:157]); m. Ann Downing, daughter of Emmanuel Downing. She m. (2) 6 June 1676 SIMON BRADSTREET [ Hale, House 518].2

Family

Ann Downing

Citations

  1. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46953
  2. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER. Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.
  3. [S1368] NEHGS Great Migration Web Site, online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER

Richard Gardner1

M, #27803, b. circa 1632, d. 1724
FatherCapt. Thomas Gardner1 b. 4 Mar 1590/91, d. 29 Dec 1674
Motherunknown (?)1,2 d. c 1636
Last Edited30 May 2002
     Richard Gardner married Sarah Shattuck, daughter of (?) Shattuck and Damaris (?).3 Richard Gardner was born circa 1632 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.2
Richard Gardner died in 1724 at Nantucket Co., Massachusetts, USA.1,2
     Richard Gardner lived at an unknown place ; RICHARD, b. about 1632 (d. Nantucket 1724, aged 92); m. about 1652 Sarah Shattuck, daughter of his stepmother Damaris (_____) (Shattuck) Gardner [TAG 30:168].2

Citations

  1. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46955
  2. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER. Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.
  3. [S1368] NEHGS Great Migration Web Site, online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER

Ruth Gardner1

F, #27804, b. 1635, d. 1707
FatherThomas Gardner b. 1565, d. 1635; The Lewis database lists Ruth as a daughter of Thomas Gardner, but the NEHGS Great Migration does not list her.2,3
Last Edited2 Oct 2017
     Ruth Gardner was born in 1635 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1
Ruth Gardner died in 1707 at Salem, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1

Citations

  1. [S979] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=gnl1, Gary Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 21 Dec 2001, http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gnl1&id=I46957
  2. [S1106] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=presidentialetc, Linda Russell Lewis (unknown location), downloaded updated 10 Feb 2000.
  3. [S1368] The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III, Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society
    , online http://www.newenglandancestors.org/research/database/great_migration/g.asp#THOMAS_GARDNER. Hereinafter cited as NEHGS Great Migration Web Site.

Elizabeth Merritt1,2

F, #27805, b. circa 1572, d. 9 September 1685
Last Edited25 Feb 2002
     Elizabeth Merritt married Thomas Frier at England.1 Elizabeth Merritt was born circa 1572 at England.1 She was born in 1576 at Eastbourne, co. Sussex, England.3
Elizabeth Merritt died on 9 September 1685 at Gloucester, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.1

Family

Thomas Frier b. 1567, d. 9 Sep 1685
Child

Thomas Frier1

M, #27806, b. 1567, d. 9 September 1685
Last Edited25 Feb 2002
     Thomas Frier married Elizabeth Merritt at England.1 Thomas Frier was born in 1567 at Westhall, co. Suffolk, England.1,2
Thomas Frier died on 9 September 1685 at Gloucester, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA.2
     Thomas Frier was also known as Nicholas Frier.2

Family

Elizabeth Merritt b. c 1572, d. 9 Sep 1685
Child

Sarah Beck1

F, #27807
FatherJohn Beck1 b. c 1650, d. a 1732
MotherSophia King1 b. c 1691
Last Edited22 Jan 2002
     Sarah Beck died at Queen Anne's Co., Maryland, USA.1 She was born at Queen Anne's Co., Maryland, USA.1 She married Thomas Emory.2
     ; Will of John Beck. This seems to clear up one thing. Sarah Beck was the
daughter of Sophia King and first husband John Back and WAS NOT
Sarah Downes, daughter of Sophia King and second husband John
Downes.

Also, see will of Vachal Downes.1

Family

Thomas Emory b. 11 Nov 1743, d. 1 May 1803

Thomas Emory1

M, #27808, b. 11 November 1743, d. 1 May 1803
Last Edited22 Jan 2002
     Thomas Emory married Sarah Beck, daughter of John Beck and Sophia King.1 Thomas Emory was born on 11 November 1743 at Queen Anne's Co., Maryland, USA.1
Thomas Emory died on 1 May 1803 at Queen Anne's Co., Maryland, USA, at age 59.1

Family

Sarah Beck

Ann King1

F, #27809
FatherJohn King1 b. c 1667, d. b 29 Sep 1713
MotherJuliana Thomas1 b. c 1670, d. b 11 Oct 1721
Last Edited22 Jan 2002
     Ann King was born at Maryland, USA.1 She married William Meredith in 1714.1

William Meredith1

M, #27810
Last Edited22 Jan 2002
     William Meredith married Ann King, daughter of John King and Juliana Thomas, in 1714.1

Family

Ann King