Leonard Francis Balch1

M, #33571, b. 22 January 1918, d. 28 October 1963
FatherFred Kittredge Balch1 b. 28 May 1874, d. 21 Apr 1961
MotherIda May Woody1 b. 9 Jun 1888, d. 10 Sep 1968
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Leonard Francis Balch was born on 22 January 1918 at Wenatchee, Chelan Co., Washington, USA.1
Leonard Francis Balch died on 28 October 1963 at age 45.1
     He was baptized in the LDS church on 16 September 1969.1 He received his endowment on 9 October 1969.1 He was sealed as a child to , son of Fred Kittredge Balch and Ida May Woody, on 2 June 1970; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Edwin Adams1

M, #33574
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Edwin Adams married Emma Melvina Balch, daughter of John Balch and Almira Stowell, on 4 March 1853 at McLean, Tompkins Co., New York, USA.1 Edwin Adams was sealed as a spouse of Emma Melvina Balch on 29 June 1963.1

Family

Emma Melvina Balch b. 11 Oct 1831
Children

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Albert W Lamb1

M, #33576
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Albert W Lamb married Mary E West, daughter of Jabez West and Fanny Balch, on 19 February 1845 at Vernon, Tolland Co., Connecticut, USA.1 Albert W Lamb was sealed as a spouse of Mary E West on 22 August 1972.1

Family

Mary E West b. 19 Feb 1825

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Thomas Balch Twining1

M, #33577, b. 2 August 1849, d. 10 September 1938
Last Edited28 Apr 2000
     Thomas Balch Twining was buried at Endicott, Broome Co., New York, USA.1

He married Lucy Heald Balch, daughter of Benjamin Balch and Sarah Stanley, on 14 January 1849 at Union, Broome Co., New York, USA.1 Thomas Balch Twining was born on 2 August 1849 at Broome Co., New York, USA.1
Thomas Balch Twining died on 10 September 1938 at Union, Broome Co., New York, USA, at age 89.1 He was sealed as a spouse of Lucy Heald Balch on 14 July 1962.1
     ; Ancestors and Descendants of Frederick Arthur Smith & Lena Miriam Balch, by Donald E. Smith, 1993, Section 3. Pg 22.1

Family

Lucy Heald Balch b. 12 Feb 1821, d. 19 May 1888
Children

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Thomas Dick Twining1

M, #33578, b. 22 October 1849, d. 24 March 1938
FatherThomas Balch Twining1 b. 2 Aug 1849, d. 10 Sep 1938
MotherLucy Heald Balch1 b. 12 Feb 1821, d. 19 May 1888
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Thomas Dick Twining was buried at Endicott, Broome Co., New York, USA.1

He was born on 22 October 1849 at St. Johnsbury, Caledonia Co., Vermont, USA.1 He married Dorinda Matilda Cogswell in 1869 at Vestal, Broome Co., New York, USA.1
Thomas Dick Twining died on 24 March 1938 at Binghamton, Broome Co., New York, USA, at age 88.1
     He was baptized in the LDS church on 29 April 1961.1 He received his endowment on 10 May 1961.1 He was sealed as a child to , son of Thomas Balch Twining and Lucy Heald Balch, on 14 July 1962; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Family

Dorinda Matilda Cogswell b. 1 May 1847, d. 3 Nov 1910
Children

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Dorinda Matilda Cogswell1

F, #33579, b. 1 May 1847, d. 3 November 1910
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Dorinda Matilda Cogswell was buried at Endicott, Broome Co., New York, USA.1

She was born on 1 May 1847 at Vestal, Broome Co., New York, USA.1 She married Thomas Dick Twining, son of Thomas Balch Twining and Lucy Heald Balch, in 1869 at Vestal, Broome Co., New York, USA.1
Dorinda Matilda Cogswell died on 3 November 1910 at Vestal, Broome Co., New York, USA, at age 63.1
     ; Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch, 1897, pg 227. Ancestors and Descendants of Frederick Arthur Smith & Lena Miriam Balch, by Donald E. Smith, 1993, Section 3.1

Family

Thomas Dick Twining b. 22 Oct 1849, d. 24 Mar 1938
Children

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Guy Elmer Twining1

M, #33580, b. 7 April 1871
FatherThomas Dick Twining1 b. 22 Oct 1849, d. 24 Mar 1938
MotherDorinda Matilda Cogswell1 b. 1 May 1847, d. 3 Nov 1910
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Guy Elmer Twining married Mabel M Morse.1 Guy Elmer Twining was born on 7 April 1871.1
     ; Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch, 1897, pg 227. Guy had a dau: Marguerite. Ancestors and Descendants of Frederick Arthur Smith & Lena Miriam Balch, by Donald E. Smith, 1993, Section 3.1

Family

Mabel M Morse

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Merta L Twining1

F, #33581, b. 8 March 1873
FatherThomas Dick Twining1 b. 22 Oct 1849, d. 24 Mar 1938
MotherDorinda Matilda Cogswell1 b. 1 May 1847, d. 3 Nov 1910
Last Edited6 Sep 1999
     Merta L Twining was born on 8 March 1873.1 She married William P Mitchell in 1891.1
     ; Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch, 1897, pg 227. Merte or Myrtie had 2 ch: Carlton P and Richard Twining Ancestors and Descendants of Frederick Arthur Smith & Lena Miriam Balch, by Donald E. Smith, 1993, Section 3.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Miriam Clark1

F, #33582, b. 11 December 1831, d. 15 May 1899
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Miriam Clark was buried at Binghamton, Broome Co., New York, USA.1

She was born on 11 December 1831 at New York, USA.1 She married Benjamin Franklin Balch, son of Benjamin Balch and Sarah Stanley, on 4 August 1851 at Nichols, Tioga Co., New York, USA.1
Miriam Clark died on 15 May 1899 at Binghamton, Broome Co., New York, USA, at age 67.1 She was sealed as a spouse of Benjamin Franklin Balch on 21 July 1962.1
     ; Ancestors and Descendants of Frederick Arthur Smith & Lena Miriam Balch, by Donald E. Smith, 1993, Section 3. Pg 24.1 Miriam Clark was baptized in the LDS church on 29 April 1961.1 She received her endowment on 10 May 1961.1

Family

Benjamin Franklin Balch b. 8 Dec 1822, d. 31 Oct 1914
Children

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Nellie Elizabeth Balch1

F, #33583, b. 6 December 1920
FatherAlbert Eugene Balch1 b. 1 Jun 1873, d. 13 Jun 1964
MotherMary Purcell1 d. 20 Jul 1931
Last Edited26 Jul 2002
     Nellie Elizabeth Balch married Robert Edmon Welling.1 Nellie Elizabeth Balch was born on 6 December 1920 at Oakland, Alameda Co., California, USA.1
     Nellie Elizabeth Balch lived at an unknown place ; Subject: Errors on Ancestry.com
Date: Wed, 24 Jul 2002 10:03:13 -0400
From: Barbara Denno
To: gregv@ma.ultranet.com

This is Nellie Elizabeth Balch. I am not dead! However, I do have more up to date information about some of the Balch descendents who have died in the last couple of years. Are you interested? If so, please let me know at RWellingSB@aol.com or at bdenno@comcast,net.

Please delete the information about my death.

Thank you, Nell Balch Welling.

; Records of Nell Balch Welling, Goleta, CA 1/11/96.1

Family

Robert Edmon Welling
Children
  • Living Welling1
  • Barbara D. Welling1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Emmet Lee Balch1

M, #33584, b. 10 May 1854, d. 28 November 1936
FatherBenjamin Franklin Balch1 b. 8 Dec 1822, d. 31 Oct 1914
MotherMiriam Clark1 b. 11 Dec 1831, d. 15 May 1899
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Emmet Lee Balch was born on 10 May 1854 at Union, Broome Co., New York, USA.1
Emmet Lee Balch died on 28 November 1936 at Binghamton, Broome Co., New York, USA, at age 82.1
Emmet Lee Balch was buried on 30 November 1936 at Kattelville, Broome Co., New York, USA.1


     ; Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch, 1897, pg 227. Ancestors and Descendants of Frederick Arthur Smith & Lena Miriam Balch, by Donald E. Smith, 1993, Section 3. pg 24.1 He was baptized in the LDS church on 29 April 1961.1 He received his endowment on 10 May 1961.1 He was sealed as a child to , son of Benjamin Franklin Balch and Miriam Clark, on 21 July 1962; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Everett Burnside Balch1

M, #33585, b. 19 December 1860, d. 21 July 1940
FatherBenjamin Franklin Balch1 b. 8 Dec 1822, d. 31 Oct 1914
MotherMiriam Clark1 b. 11 Dec 1831, d. 15 May 1899
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Everett Burnside Balch was born on 19 December 1860 at Union, Broome Co., New York, USA.1 He married Laura Fidelica Snow on 23 September 1885 at Binghamton, Broome Co., New York, USA.1 Everett Burnside Balch married Carrie Louise Harper on 22 January 1896 at Broome Co., New York, USA.1
Everett Burnside Balch died on 21 July 1940 at Binghamton, Broome Co., New York, USA, at age 79.1
Everett Burnside Balch was buried on 23 July 1940 at Binghamton, Broome Co., New York, USA.1


     ; Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch, 1897, pg 227. Ancestors and Descendants of Frederick Arthur Smith & Lena Miriam Balch, by Donald E. Smith, 1993, Section 3. pg 24.1 He was baptized in the LDS church on 29 April 1961.1 He received his endowment on 10 May 1961.1 He was sealed as a child to , son of Benjamin Franklin Balch and Miriam Clark, on 21 July 1962; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Family 1

Laura Fidelica Snow b. 11 Aug 1865, d. 19 Dec 1891
Children

Family 2

Carrie Louise Harper b. 5 Apr 1864, d. 19 Jun 1938
Child

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Rosa L Balch1

F, #33586, b. 12 February 1867, d. 24 June 1931
FatherBenjamin Franklin Balch1 b. 8 Dec 1822, d. 31 Oct 1914
MotherMiriam Clark1 b. 11 Dec 1831, d. 15 May 1899
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Rosa L Balch was born on 12 February 1867 at Binghamton, Broome Co., New York, USA.1
Rosa L Balch died on 24 June 1931 at Binghamton, Broome Co., New York, USA, at age 64.1
Rosa L Balch was buried on 27 June 1931 at Binghamton, Broome Co., New York, USA.1


     ; Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch, 1897, pg 227. Ancestors and Descendants of Frederick Arthur Smith & Lena Miriam Balch, by Donald E. Smith, 1993, Section 3. pg 30. Name shown here as Rosa M. Balch - on her headstone.1 She was baptized in the LDS church on 6 February 1979.1 She received her endowment on 4 May 1979.1 She was sealed as a child to , daughter of Benjamin Franklin Balch and Miriam Clark, on 20 June 1979; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Samuel E Weed1

M, #33587, b. circa 1824, d. 6 June 1890
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Samuel E Weed was buried at Binghamton, Broome Co., New York, USA.1

He was born circa 1824 at St. Johnsbury, Caledonia Co., Vermont, USA.1 He married Lydia M Balch, daughter of Benjamin Balch and Sarah Stanley, on 4 March 1856 at Elmira, Chemung Co., New York, USA.1
Samuel E Weed died on 6 June 1890.1 He was sealed as a spouse of Lydia M Balch on 21 July 1962.1
     ; Ancestors and Descendants of Frederick Arthur Smith & Lena Miriam Balch, by Donald E. Smith, 1993, Section 3. pg 30.1 Samuel E Weed was baptized in the LDS church on 29 April 1961.1 He received his endowment on 10 May 1961.1

Family

Lydia M Balch b. 24 Feb 1827
Children

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Lilla B Weed1

F, #33588, b. 15 November 1857
FatherSamuel E Weed1 b. c 1824, d. 6 Jun 1890
MotherLydia M Balch1 b. 24 Feb 1827
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Lilla B Weed was born on 15 November 1857 at St. Johnsbury, Caledonia Co., Vermont, USA.1
     ; Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch, 1897, pg 227.1 She was baptized in the LDS church on 29 April 1961.1 She received her endowment on 9 May 1961.1 She was sealed as a child to , daughter of Samuel E Weed and Lydia M Balch, on 21 July 1962; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Samuel Everett Weed1

M, #33589, b. 14 August 1859
FatherSamuel E Weed1 b. c 1824, d. 6 Jun 1890
MotherLydia M Balch1 b. 24 Feb 1827
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Samuel Everett Weed was born on 14 August 1859 at St. Johnsbury, Caledonia Co., Vermont, USA.1
     ; Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch, 1897, pg 227.1 He was baptized in the LDS church on 29 April 1961.1 He received his endowment on 10 May 1961.1 He was sealed as a child to , son of Samuel E Weed and Lydia M Balch, on 21 July 1962; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Nella M Weed1

F, #33590, b. 12 February 1869
FatherSamuel E Weed1 b. c 1824, d. 6 Jun 1890
MotherLydia M Balch1 b. 24 Feb 1827
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Nella M Weed was born on 12 February 1869 at St. Johnsbury, Caledonia Co., Vermont, USA.1
     ; Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch, 1897, pg 227.1 She was baptized in the LDS church on 5 March 1983.1 She received her endowment on 12 April 1983.1 She was sealed as a child to , daughter of Samuel E Weed and Lydia M Balch, on 23 April 1983; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

John Franklin Tilton1

M, #33591, b. circa 1850
FatherFranklin Tilton1 b. 12 Sep 1825
MotherLaura Olive Balch1 b. 24 Jun 1820, d. 24 May 1873
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     John Franklin Tilton was born circa 1850 at Littleton, Caledonia Co., New Hampshire, USA.1
     ; Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch, 1897, pg 228.1 He was baptized in the LDS church on 5 March 1993.1 He received his endowment on 4 November 1993.1 He was sealed as a child to , son of Franklin Tilton and Laura Olive Balch, on 18 November 1993; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

William Henry Tilton1

M, #33592, b. 23 January 1852
FatherFranklin Tilton1 b. 12 Sep 1825
MotherLaura Olive Balch1 b. 24 Jun 1820, d. 24 May 1873
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     William Henry Tilton was born on 23 January 1852 at Littleton, Caledonia Co., New Hampshire, USA.1
     He was baptized in the LDS church on 5 March 1993.1 He received his endowment on 4 November 1993.1 He was sealed as a child to , son of Franklin Tilton and Laura Olive Balch, on 18 November 1993; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Frederick Albert Tilton1

M, #33593, b. circa 1853, d. 30 May 1893
FatherFranklin Tilton1 b. 12 Sep 1825
MotherLaura Olive Balch1 b. 24 Jun 1820, d. 24 May 1873
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Frederick Albert Tilton was born circa 1853 at Littleton, Caledonia Co., New Hampshire, USA.1
Frederick Albert Tilton died on 30 May 1893 at Spokane, Spokane Co., Washington, USA.1
     He was baptized in the LDS church on 5 March 1993.1 He received his endowment on 4 November 1993.1 He was sealed as a child to , son of Franklin Tilton and Laura Olive Balch, on 18 November 1993; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Helen Balch1

F, #33594, b. 25 June 1904, d. 1904
FatherAlbert Eugene Balch1 b. 1 Jun 1873, d. 13 Jun 1964
MotherMary Purcell1 d. 20 Jul 1931
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Helen Balch was buried at Fresno, Fresno Co., California, USA.1


Helen Balch died in 1904 at Fresno, Fresno Co., California, USA.1 She was born on 25 June 1904 at Fresno, Fresno Co., California, USA.1
     She was baptized in the LDS church CHILD.1 She received her endowment CHILD.1

; Records of Nell Balch Welling, Goleta, CA 1/11/96. Helen lived only a few months.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Mary Balch Tilton1

F, #33595, b. circa 1855
FatherFranklin Tilton1 b. 12 Sep 1825
MotherLaura Olive Balch1 b. 24 Jun 1820, d. 24 May 1873
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Mary Balch Tilton was born circa 1855 at Littleton, Caledonia Co., New Hampshire, USA.1
     ; Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch, 1897, pg 228.1 She was baptized in the LDS church on 5 March 1993.1 She received her endowment on 15 June 1993.1 She was sealed as a child to , daughter of Franklin Tilton and Laura Olive Balch, on 11 August 1993; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Carrie Tilton1

F, #33596, b. circa 1857
FatherFranklin Tilton1 b. 12 Sep 1825
MotherLaura Olive Balch1 b. 24 Jun 1820, d. 24 May 1873
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Carrie Tilton was born circa 1857 at Littleton, Caledonia Co., New Hampshire, USA.1
     She was baptized in the LDS church on 5 March 1993.1 She received her endowment on 15 June 1993.1 She was sealed as a child to , daughter of Franklin Tilton and Laura Olive Balch, on 11 August 1993; Unknown GEDCOM info.1

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Abbie Marie Chaffee1

F, #33597
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Abbie Marie Chaffee married Charles Carrol Balch, son of Samuel West Balch and Joanna E Perkins, on 13 June 1876.1

Family

Charles Carrol Balch b. 23 Aug 1847
Child

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Emma Elizabeth Stone1

F, #33598, b. 21 June 1874
Last Edited13 Jun 1999
     Emma Elizabeth Stone was born on 21 June 1874 at Gardner, Worcester Co., Massachusetts, USA.1 She married Herbert Newton Balch, son of Francis Brown Balch and Louisa Dyke, on 21 December 1891.1
     ; Pg 380, Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch 1897.1 Emma Elizabeth Stone was baptized in the LDS church on 2 May 1997.1 She was sealed as a child to whose parents are unknown on 17 February 1999; Unknown GEDCOM info.1 She received her endowment on 19 February 1999.1

Family

Herbert Newton Balch b. 11 Jul 1868

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.

Elizabeth Epps1

F, #33600, b. 1772, d. 12 December 1846
Last Edited26 Jan 2002
     Elizabeth Epps was born in 1772 at New Hampshire, USA.1 She married Israel Balch, son of Israel Balch and Hannah Kimball, in 1796 at New Hampshire, USA.1
Elizabeth Epps died on 12 December 1846 at Francestown, Hillsborough Co., New Hampshire, USA.1
     ; Balch Genealogy, Galusha Balch, 1897, pg 134.1

Family

Israel Balch b. 29 Jun 1773, d. 3 May 1847
Children

Citations

  1. [S999] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:787822, Todd Hansen (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.