• [S602] Inc. Brøderbund Software, World Family Tree Vol. 14, Ed. 1, Family #2699 (n.p.: Release date: October 20, 1997, unknown publish date).
  • [S628] Inc. Br²derbund Software, World Family Tree Vol. 19, Ed. 1, Family 0671 (n.p.: Release date: March 13, 1998, unknown publish date).
  • [S630] Unknown author, Broderbund WFT Vol. 2, Ed. 1, Tree #1822, Date of Import: 27 Jul 1997 (n.p.: n.pub., unknown publish date).
  • [S739] David Faris and Souglas Richardson, "The Parents of Agatha, Wife of Edward the Exile", The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, April 1998, 152:224-235 (n.p.: The New England Historic Genealogical Society
    Boston, April 1998, unknown publish date).
  • [S792] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=johanson, Susan Johanson (unknown location), downloaded updated 29 June 2001.
  • [S835] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=christos, Jr. Rev. Christos Christou (unknown location), downloaded updated 26 Feb 2007.
  • [S920] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=ulsterboyd, Ronald E. Boyd (unknown location), downloaded updated 9 May 2001.
  • [S1217] e-mail address, online http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?db=:1590432, Sue Cary (unknown location), downloaded updated 25 Aug 2001.
  • [S1427] Richard Fletcher, The Quest for El Cid (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989/1990). Hereinafter cited as Fletcher [1990] The Quest for El Cid.
  • [S1433] Jozeph F. O'Callaghan, A History of Medieval Spain (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1975). Hereinafter cited as History of Medieval Spain.
  • [S1497] Esteban Trento, "Trento email "Re: Diego Lopez de Haro, de Vizcaya/Biscay"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 5 November 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Trento email 5 November 2003."
  • [S1502] Brad Verity, "Verity email "Descendants of Eleanor de Clare, lady of Tewkesbury & Glamorgan"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 20 October 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Verity email 2-20 October 2003."
  • [S1526] Douglas Richardson, "Richardson 19 Nov email "CP Correction: Death date of Elizabeth (Percy) (Clifford) Neville"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 19 Nov 2003. Hereinafter cited as "Richardson email 19 Nov 2003."
  • [S1543] Clara Estow, Pedro the Cruel of Castille 1350-1369 (Leiden, New York, Koln: E. J. Brill, 1995). Hereinafter cited as Pedro the Cruel.
  • [S1562] Douglas Richardson, "Richardson 21 Jan 2004 email "Complete Peerage Addition: Marriage date of Margaret Bromflete and Lancelot Threlkeld"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 21 Jan 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Richardson email 21 Jan 2004."
  • [S1574] Chris Phillips, "Phillips email 22 Jan 2004 "Re: When DID he die?"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 22 Jan 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Phillips email 22 Jan 2004."
  • [S1608] Banks/Dean Genealogy, online http://www.gordonbanks.com/gordon/family/2nd_Site/geb-p/index.htm. Hereinafter cited as Banks/Dean Genealogy.
  • [S1677] Peter Stewart, "Stewart email 16 Sept 2004 "Re: Clarification on William III/V and William VI/VIII, county Poitou, Dukes Acquitaine requested"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 16 Sept 2004. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart email 16 Sept 2004."
  • [S1707] J Bunot, "Bunot email 26 Feb 2005: "Ahnentafel Petronille de Comminges-Bigorre"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/forum/#!msg/soc.genealogy.medieval/YzUpz3CDrCM/zTYWP3a3pRkJ;context-place=forum/soc.genealogy.medieval) to e-mail address, 26 Feb 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Bunot email 26 Feb 2005."
  • [S1720] David Utz, "Utz email #2 29 May 2005 "Aline de Gai's descents to Robert Abell"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 29 May 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Utz email #2 29 May 2005."
  • [S1773] Brad Verity, "Verity email 5 April 2005 "CP Addition: Marriage of John d'Arundel, Lord Mautravers & Elizabeth Talbot"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 5 April 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Verity email 5 April 2005."
  • [S1778] Roger Tansey, "Tansey email 24 Jan 2005 "Re: d'Auvergne -> Toulouse or Arles"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/v7pU1OHfzao/m/FYPj-jP7R0sJ) to e-mail address, 24 Jan 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Tansey email 24 Jan 2005."
  • [S1787] Gordon Banks, "Banks email 30 July 2005 "Re: Descendants of Sir Richard de Lucy and Rohese of Boulogne"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 30 July 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Banks email 30 July 2005."
  • [S1799] David Utz, "Utz email #2 20 Aug 2005 "Descents from Rohese of Boulogne to Robert Abell"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 20 Aug 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Utz email #2 20 Aug 2005."
  • [S1807] Louise Staley, "Staley email #5 3 Aug 2005 "EDWARD III to Roger CORBET of Albright Hussey 11 Ways (1)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 3 Aug 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Staley email #5 3 Aug 2005."
  • [S1812] Louise Staley, "Staley email #6 3 Aug 2005 "EDWARD III to Roger CORBET of Albright Hussey 11 Ways (1)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 3 Aug 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Staley email #6 3 Aug 2005."
  • [S1854] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 6 Jan 2005 "Elizabeth (Bosvile) (Harlakenden) Pelham: A 'New' Plantagenet Descent"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 6 Jan 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 6 Jan 2005."
  • [S1938] Peter Stewart, "Stewart email 25 Aug 2005: "Re: Robert II of France to Maud de Bernake (was CP Addition:..)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 25 Aug 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Stewart email 25 Aug 2005."
  • [S1956] Sharon Kay Penman, When Christ and His Saints Slept (New York: Ballantine Books, 1995). Hereinafter cited as Penman (1995), When Christ and His Saints Slept.
  • [S2016] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 15 Dec 2005: "Breaute and Geneville ancestry: King Stephen of England"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 15 Dec 2005. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 15 Dec 2005."
  • [S2035] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 1 Feb 2006: "The Kinsmen of Sir Hugh de Hastings (d. 1347) and the Elsing Brass"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 1 Feb 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 1 Feb 2006."
  • [S2048] Douglas Richardson, "Richardson email 23 Mar 2006: "Queen's Kinsfolk: Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine's kinsfolk"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 23 Mar2006. Hereinafter cited as "Richardson email 23 Mar2006."
  • [S2076] Leo van de Pas, "van de Pas email 2 June 2006: "Jan II d'Avesnes, Count of Holland & Hainault"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 2 June 2006. Hereinafter cited as "van de Pas email 2 June 2006."
  • [S2097] John P. Ravilious, "Ravilious email 6 Sept 2006: "The origins of Redburh or Rædburh (a conjecture)"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 6 Sept 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Ravilious email 6 Sept 2006."
  • [S2115] Bruce Hallowell, "Hallowell email 19 Dec 2006: "Re: More Kinsfolk: Hugues de Thouars, kinsman of Alice, Countess of Eu"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 19 Dec 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Hallowell email 19 Dec 2006."
  • [S2164] Roglo Genealogical database, online http://roglo.eu/roglo. Hereinafter cited as Roglo Database.
  • [S2173] Brad Verity, "Verity email 29 Aug 2007: "Descents From Edward III For Col. William Blakiston (1621-1685), M.P."," e-mail message from unknown author e-mail (e-mail address) to e-mail address, 29 Aug 2007. Hereinafter cited as "Verity email 29 Aug 2007."
  • [S2184] Leo van de Pas, "van de Pas email 23 Sept 2007: "Descendants Alfonso VI - improved and extended"," e-mail message from e-mail address (https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/lVvrEhMS2pk/m/lxJSTqSvbG0J) to e-mail address, 23 Sept 2007. Hereinafter cited as "van de Pas email 23 Sept 2007."
  • [S2201] Douglas Richardson, "Richardson email 16 Nov 2007: "Children of John of Gaunt, Duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 16 Nov 2007. Hereinafter cited as "Richardson email 16 Nov 2007."
  • [S2217] Douglas Richardson, "Richardson email 19 Jan 2008: "Re: Children of Isabel of England (died 1241), wife of Emperor      Frederick II"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 19 Jan 2008. Hereinafter cited as "Richardson email 19 Jan 2008."
  • [S2262] Leo van de Pas, "van de Pas email 17 Apr 2008: "William the Conqueror and Charlemagne"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 17 Apr 2008. Hereinafter cited as "van de Pas email 17 Apr 2008."
  • [S2337] Douglas Richardson, "Richardson email 17 Aug 2008: "Yet Another C.P. Addition: Isabel, daughter of Henry of Lancaster and      Isabel de Beaumont"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 1 Nov 2009. Hereinafter cited as "Richardson email 1 Nov 2009."
  • [S2381] Graham Milne, "Milne email 20 Nov 2010: "Alphonso the Slobberer"," e-mail message from e-mail address (unknown address) to e-mail address, 20 Nov 2010. Hereinafter cited as "Milne email 20 Nov 2010:."
  • [S3434] Ravinmaven, ""Best" line for Anne Hyde, Duchess of York?," e-mail message from ravinmaven2001 via <e-mail address> (unknown address) to e-mail address, 5 July 2016. Hereinafter cited as "Ravinmaven Email 5 Jul 2016: ""Best" line for Anne."
  • [S4118] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2nd ed. (n.p.: Douglas Richardson, 2011). Hereinafter cited as Richardson [2011] Magna Carta Ancestry.
  • [S4749] John P. Ravilious, "The Ancestry of Agatha, Mother of St. Margaret of Scotland", The Scottish Genealogist LV:70-84 (2009). Hereinafter cited as "Ancestry of Agatha."
  • [S4760] Wikipédia - Llaenciclopedia libre, online https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Portada. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia (ES).
  • [S4775] David N. Dumville, "The West Saxon Genealogical Regnal List and the Chronology of Early Wessex", Peritia Vol. 4, pp. 21-66 (1985). Hereinafter cited as "Dumville [1985] The West Saxon Gen'l Regnal List."
  • [S4778] Karl Ferdinand Werner, Die Nachkommen Karls des Grossen bis um das Jahr 1000, in: Karls des Großen Lebenswerk und Nachleben (n.p.: W. Braunfels, 1967). Hereinafter cited as Werner (1967) Die Nachkommen Karls des Grossen.
  • [S4797] Christian Settipani, "L'apport de l'onomastique dans l'étude des généalogies carolingiennes », dans Onomastique et Parenté dans l'Occident médiéval", Prosopographica et Genealogica Vol. 3; pp. 185-229 (2000). Hereinafter cited as "Settipani [2000] L'apport de l'onomastique."